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红9官方游戏【24zf9x.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。西安焊诎丶广告传媒有限公司(原西双版纳稻列俑信息技术有限公司)成立于1992年,占地面积70097平方米,澳博集团MG花花公子游戏其中生产厂房占地8894平方米,仓库面积占地9514平方米。固定资产6621万元,流动资产1495万元,干部职工共347人,工程技术人员71人。红9官方游戏ByZhangChenghui,ResearchInstituteofFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo030,hmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemhasbeenstudiedforoveradecade,buttherehasbeennosubsTheargumentshavefocusedonthefollowingissues.(1)Iscatastropheinsuranceapolicy-orientedorcommercialsystemHowdowedefinethegovernmentfunctionsinacatastropheinsurancesystemDoesthegovernmentthatestablishesacatastropheinsurancesystemhavetocontributefundsandifsoinwhatwaytomakecontributionsAretheinsurancecompaniesengagedincatastropheinsuranceandthegeneralpublicpurchasingcatastropheinsuranceentitledtopo,ranceandthatexcessdependenceongovernmentsupportmeansthisinsuranceisequivalenttoadirectfiscaldisasterreliefandthesystemdesignwillbecomemeaningless.(2)HowdothegovernmentdepartmentscoordinatewitheachotherWhichgovernmentdepartmentshouldexerciseleadershipoverestablishingcatastropheinsuran,theinsuranceregulatorydepartment,thecivilaffairsdepartment,theprofessionalmanagementdepartments(suchasthoseinchargeofearthquakeadministration,meteorologicaladministration,oceanicadministrationandtheMinistryofWaterResources),theNationalDisasterReductionCommission,disciplinesanddepartments,itrequiresnotonlyclearguidelinesandreliabledesigns,,itwilllacktherequiredauthorityandabilitytocoordinate;butifanadministrativeinstitutionoftheStateCouncildoesthejob,snationalconditionsManyofthepastresearchesaredevotedtothei,,designedforaspecificcatastropheorfordiversecatastrophesShoulditcoverthewholecountryorbeginwithjustoneprovinceHowtoensurethesystemtobebothscientificandoperableWhichoperationalmodelandriskdiversificationmodeshacatastrophefundorthemodelofacatastrophereinsurancecompanyandshoulditendowthereycountriesindicatethatthecoretasksofaca,andtheiroperationshavematuremodels,includingthenonprofitinstitutionalgovernancestructure,,,manyofthemhavebecomeadministrativeonesandhaveastrongimpulseforself-expansio,,whattypeofinstitutionsshouldexerciseleadershipoverthecatastropheinsurancesystemWhiledirectgovernmentmanagementisapparentlyimproper,for-profitcoanagementinstitutionisestablishedtodothejob,howcanweeffectivelycontainitsimpulseforscaleexpansionandrationallycontrolitsoperatingcostsoastomakethecatastropheinsurdingtoChinasnationalconditionsComparedwithothercountries,Chinahassomeuniquecharacteristics,,Chinaisavastcountry,,Sichuan,Qinghai,Tibetandotherplacesinthewestregiona,rainstorms,mudflowsandothernaturaldisastersthathitt,notonlythegeneralpublichasahighacceptanceofinsuranceproducts,butalsohasagreatercapacitytoadoptadvanceddisasterprevent,asthedevelopedregionshaveahighpopulationdensityandahighassetsvalue,,wecannotsimplyc,wecannotintroduceuniformfeerate,weshoulddesignascientificandrationalcatastropheinsurance,theinsuranceindustryasawholeisunderdeveloiseforcatastropheriskmanagementmakesitimpossibletomobilizethe,thepublicpreparednessfornaturaldisastersisverylow,theinfrastructurefordisasterpreventionandlossreductionisunavailable,andsomemeasuresfo,Chinafindsitdifficulttorelyoncommercial,whichhasauthorityandcoordinatingability,shouldexerciseleadershipovertheestablishmentofacatastropheinsurancesystemandshoulde,,skdiversification,,itisnecessarytoadoptacompulsoryorsemi-compulsorymarketingapproach.ByChenDaofu,,nterprisesChinasstate-ownedfinancialinstitutionshave,formanyyears,,thePeoplesBankofChinahadservedastheonlyfinancialorganinthesociety,,itwasthe,althoughbanksofvariouskindsandothernon-bankingfinancialinstitutionshaveincreasedtheirmarketsharesgradually,thefourmajorstate-,inthefinalanalysis,,thereformofthestate-ownedbankswillinevitablybecloselylinkedwiththereformofChinasfinancialsystemandwiththedispositionofitsfinancialresources,ratherthanasstate-ownedfinancialinstitutionsisbyitselfaimedatachievingsomemacroscopictarge,imperfectionofthemicro-reformofthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutionshasalsotriggeredoffmacroscopicissues,forexample,thereversedtransmissionofthepressureforeasingmonetaryconditionhasresultedininflation,,thestate-ownedfinancialenterpriseshadplayedafargreaterroleinthehistoryofChinaseconomicdevelopmentthanactingmerelyasfinancialenterprisesandhadeverplayedauniqueroleinpromotingChina,Chinasfinancialenterprisesareimbuedwithfiscalfunctionstoacertainextent,whichhasbeenevidentlyreflectedbythecausesoftheformati,therewerethreemainstagesfortheformationofChinasnon-performingloans:from1980stoearly1990s,thenon-performingloansresultedfromtheloansgrantedtooldtraditionalindustrialenterprisesandloansforblindrepeatconstructions,accountedforabout1/3;thenon-performingloansresultedfromtheloansreleasedduringtheeconomicoverheatingperiodinearly1990smadeup1/3orso;andthenon-performingloansresultedfromthebankruptcy,mergerandrestructuringofenterprisescarriedoutbythestateinmid-andlate1990sconstitutedapproximately1/,theChineseeconomyhadbeenaquantityexpansionpatternunderthedominanceofthegovernment,andthewhollystate-fundedcommercialbankswerestatespecializedbanks,,thoughsuchasituationchangedabit,,thewhollystate-fundedcommercialbankspaidcostforthetransformationofthewholesystem,suchasthemergerandbankruptcyofenterprises,therestructuringoftheenterprisesintextile,coal,defense,foreigntrade,supplyandmarketingindustries,~2000alone,sFinancialInstitutionsReformBeforethereformandopeningupwascarriedoutin1978,Chinapracticedan"all-in-one"sBankofChinaandtheruralcreditcooperativesunderitsleadershipweretheonlyfinancialinstitutions,andthemanpower,financialandmaterialresourcesofvariousbranchesofthePeoplesBankwereunderthec,andthepracticeof"unifieddepositsandunifiedloans"wascarriedout,namely,theabsorbeddepositswerehandedovertotheHeadOfficeforunifiedallocationandloa(theminimumfundquotasneeded)ofenterpriseswerefromfinancialappropriations,andpartofthecircul,includingfinancialfunds,rminedbythestateinaplannedway,andcurrencyservedonlyasanaccounti,~1993:Financialreforminthereformofeconomicincrement----constructionofabasicfinancialsystembasedoneconomicneedsSuchafinancialreformduringthisperiodwasmeanttoprovidenewresourcesforthereformwhiletallyingwiththenewstrategyforthereform.(1)WideningthebusinessscopeofthebanksOntheonehand,bankswerenotonlyabletograntacertainamountofcirculatingfundloans,butcouldpro,shortagesofthecirculatingfunds,appropriationsforChinasbudgeintheunitsownedbythewholepeopleaccountedforabout2/3before1979andonlyfor1/,besidesthestate-runenterprises,loanscouldalsogotoprivately-operatedenterprisesandtotheself-employedaswell.(2)Eancebusiness(before1984).In1979,AgriculturalBankofChinawasre-designatedasthespecializedbankinchargeofthefinancialbusinessinruralareas,BankofChinawasseparatedfromthePeoplesBankofChinaandbecameanindependentspecializedforeignexchangebank,andChinaConstructionBankwasreorga,IndustrialandCommercialBankofChinawasestablishedtoundertakeindustrialandcommercialcreditandurbansavingsbusinesspreviouslyhandledbythePeople,People,institutionalmanagementwaschangedtocorporatemanagement,thereformofcombiningresponsibilities,rightsandinterestswascarriedoutinanall-roundwayandthepracticeof"eatingatthebigpot"inincomedistributionwasbrokendown,,thepracticeof"eatingatthebigpot"infunddistributionwascastaway,fundconstraintfrombankswasgraduallystrengthenedandtheinter-bankbusinesslimitswereruledout....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,sPresidentZhouXiaochuan:ReformofChinasBankingIndustryScalesNewHeights.。

    sCaredaboutMostbythePublicSincetheestablishmentofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,especiallysincethereformandopeningup,greatachievementshavebeenmadeinthedevelopmentofChinaay;seniorhighschooleducationandvocationaleducationhavebeenpopularizedconsiderably,,thereisnodenyingthat,undertheinfluenceofvariousfactors,problemsdoexistinChinaseducationalfieldthatmeritattentionandsom:evenandthereisaworldofdifferenceinconditionsavailableforrunningschools;,teachingmethodsandtheexaminationandevaluationsystemarenotreasonable,theschoolassignmentsforprimaryandmiddleschoolstudentsareoverloadedandthequality-orientededucationhasnotbeenpracticedtothefull;,whichishardtoadapttosocialdemandsandmeettherequirementofthestudentsfortheirpersonalgrowth;izetheirfee-collectingbehaviors,thusplacinganoverlyheavyfinancialburdenonmanyfamilies;,evencorruptionandmalfeasanceoccurinenrollingstudentsthroughexaminations,licandhamperedthesocialharmony,buthavealsoproducedcon,theeducationalreformanddevelopmenttobecarriedoutoverafutureperiodoftimeshouldbeorientedtowardtheresolutionofthoseoutstandingproblemstopavethyEducationTheguidelineofpromotingtheequalizeddevelopmentofthecompulsoryeducationamongandwi,whatmeritsmoreattentionisthedisequilibriumwithinvariousregions,"schoolselection"andtheoverlyheavyburdensonprimaryandmiddleschoolstudentscurrentlycaredaboutmostbythepublicarecloselyrelatedtothisdisequilibriumandhaveresultedinvariousdistortionsandcorruptpractices,,projectfundsinparticular,oolsandcaninfactbedirectlyorindirectlylinkedtoteachers,thecoreproblemshouldbesolvedinstitutionally,or,policiesregarding"computer-aidedallocationsystemforschoolenrolment"and"attendingschoolslocally",ses;onthepremiseofstandardizingcriteriaforrunningschools,thecapitalconstructionandequipment-orientedinvestmentshouldfirstlygotoschoolsthathavenotliveduptothestandards;theunifiedplanningshouldbestrengthenedandtheblindexpansionandconstructionofschoolsshouldbebroughtunderrigorouscontrol;andthetranspa,thefinancialmanagementinschoolsshouldbeconductedrigorously,thelimitforincomeandexpenditureofprimaryandmiddleschoolsandtherelatedstandardsshouldbeclarified,,somelocalitieshaveachievedgoodresultsbybringingthefinancialaffairsofprimaryandmiddleschoolsunderthecentralizedmanagementofcountygovernments,whichcanbepopularizedinvariouslocalitiesonthebasisofsumminguptherelevantexperiences;inviewoftheparticularitiesofcompulsoryeducation,itshouldbeexplicitlyprovidedthatanycharges,suchas"schoolselectionfees"and"temporaryschoolingcollectedfromstudentswithoutlocalresidence",,olleadersandteacherstotaketurnsonaregularbasiswithintheirownregionsinconnectionwiththeguaranteeandstandardizationofteacherssalariesandthiellAtpresent,amongorwithinvariousregions,dispariothedifferentiatio,importancesho:firstly,theeconomicandsocialdevelopmentwillsoonerorlaterbring,itisquitenecessarytolayagoodfoundationthroughequalizeddevelopmentforthefutureins,theproblemssuchas"schoolselection"thathavecroppedupcurrentlyduringtheperiodofcompulsoryeducationhaveallyaggravated,thetargetofrealizingtheequalizeddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationwillinevitablybeheldincheckanditwouldbecomedifficulttosolvesuchproblemsas"schoolselection"duringtheperiodofcompulsoryeducationandthe"schoolselection"duringthesecon,theseniormiddlescho,someschoolscanbeallowedtoofferselectivecoursescloselylinkedtostudentsinterestsan,importanceshouldstillbeplacedontheequalizeddevelopmentintermsofthebasicschoolconditionsandthenumberofqualifiedteachers....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.HanJun,XuXiaoqing,GuoJianjun,YuBaoping,QinZhongchun,ZhangYunhuaFanXuezhiResearchReportNo97,2010After30yearsofreformandopening-up,Chinasoverallnationalstrengthissignificantlyimproved,andChinahasenteredthestagewhereindustrypromotesagricultureandurbanareaselevateruralareaswithsignificantlyenhancedabilityofgettingindustrysupportingagricultureandurbanareassupportingruralareasAndruraldevelopmenthasalsoenteredanewstagewherethepoliciestoaidagricultureandbenefitfarmersarebasicallyformedandasystemframewoist,therewouldbenosurvivalguaranteetothewholesociety;withoutprosperousruralareas,therewouldbenostablefoundationforthewholesociety;withoutrichfarmers,thedevelopmentofmodernization,"12thFive-YearPlan",weshouldtakethereformanddevelopmentofcountrysideintotheconsiderationoftheoverallsituationofthecauseofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,andweshouldmakethearrangementunderthecircumstancesofdeepeneddevelopmentofindustrialization,urbanization,marketization,s17thNationalCongress,"greatbannerofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics",followtheguidanceofDengXiaopingTheoryandthethoughtofThreeRepresents,thoroughlyapply"ScientificOutlookonDevelopment",balanceurbanandruraldevelopment,andtakeissuesfacingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersasthetoppriorityofthePartyalconstructionasChinassocialandeconomicstrategicbasisforfurtherdevelopment,andtaketheprogressofintegratingeconomicandsocialdevelopmentinurbanandruralareasasmajorstrategyofChina"givingmore,takinglessandlooseningcontrol",deepenruralreformandpushforwardtheinstitutionalinnovation,taketheroadofagriculturalmodernizationwithChinesecharacteristics,promotethestabledevelopmentinagriculture,growthinfarmersincomes,strivetoguaranteethebasicsupplyofmainfarmproducts,solveproblemsaboutlivelihoodinruralareas,andmakeprogreevelopedproduction,affluentlifeandasoundecologicalenvironment,andrealizeruralandurbanbenigninteractivity,"12thFive-YearPlan",guaranteethepredominantstatusoffamershouseholdbusinessandacceleratethe"TwoTransformations"agementonthebasisofhouseholdcontractmanagementisthebasicmanagementsysteminChinasruralareasandthecornerstoneforthePartyreformandinnovationmustlieinthefactthatonthebasisofguaranteeingfarmersfamily-orientedcontractoperation,weshouldcombinetheseadvantagesoffamilysdecentralizedoperationwiththoseofunifiedmanagementandservices,acceleratethe"TwoTransformations"inthemodeofagriculturaloperation,suchashouseholdoperationtransformingtowardadoptingadvancedtechnologyandmeansofproduction,unifiedmanagementdevelopingtowardcooperationandco-managementwithfarmers,soastoformadiversified,sagriculturaldevelopments,thehouseholdmanagementdoesnotonlyapplytotraditionalagriculturewhichisbasedonmanuallabor,butisalsoinlinewithmodernagr,wedonothavetoworryabouttheissupractices,thesmall-sizedlandmanagementpatterndoesnotrepeltheapplicationofadvancedagriculturaltechnologies,suchashigh-qualityseeds,fertilizers,pesticides,irrigationtechniquesandsoon,anditisnotstronglyconnectedwithfarmerslandmanagement;Andfortheuseofagriculturalmachines,althoughthosefarmerswithscaledfarmingmaybelimitedtosomeextent,theycanstillrealizehighermechanizationandapplicationefficiencybypurchasingsuitableagriculturathatthereisnopossibilitytotaketheroadofdevelopedEuropeanandAmerimproveintensificationofhouseholdoperation,,theefficientpetty-farmereconomicregimeisthebasicsocialmechanismforthecountrieswithlargepopulationandlimitedfarmlandtoguaranteefarmersspecificnationalconditionswithahugepopulationandlimitedfarmland,theimprovementofagriculturalmodernizationwillmainlyfocusonconsistentfamily-orientedmanagementandtheprincipleoffarmlandonlyforagriculturaluse,encouragingconcentrationoflandtoprofessionalfarmers,guaranteeingfarmersoperationandbenefits,avoidingindustrialandcommercialenterprisesfromleasingfarmerscontractedfarmlandforlongtimeandinlargesize,sunifiedmanagementregimeandimprovethedegreeoffarmers,itisstillhardforChineseagriculturesunifiedmanagementandserviceregimetomeetrequirementsofmodernagriculturetractmanagement,,collectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelinsomedevelopedareaswithadequatefinancialresourcescanprovideunifiedservicetofarmers,butmajorityofcollectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelwithhumbleincomemaylevel,giveafurtherfullplaytocollectiveorganizationscapabilityatcountrysidelevelinaspectsofunifiedmanagementandservice,andreinforcethevillages,cooperativesasthestrategicmeasuresfunctionsinorganizingfarmers,implementingpoliciesandgearingupformarketaccordingtotheprincipleof"servingfarmers,givingfarmersrighttojoinandleavecooperativesonavoluntarybasis,,givingfarmersequalrightsandenactingademocraticmanagement".Weshouldreinforcethesupporttospecializedfarmerscooperatives,fulfillLawsofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperatives,supportthedevelopmentofspecializedfarmerscooperativesintheaspectsoffiscalallocation,taxpreference,financialsupportandsoon,enhanceitscapabilityandlevelofservingagriculturalindustry,andmakeittobethemodernagriculturalorganizationinguidisnon-profitagriculturalserviceorganizations,variouskindsofagriculturalsocializedserviceorganizations,industrialmanagementorganizations,andleadingenterpriseswiththeparticipationoffarmersforindustrializedoperationsallpla,promotereformandconstructionofagriculturaltechnologypopularization,strengthennonprofitservice,improveorganizationandserviceteam,establishfundprotectionmechanism,,givefullplaytotwomechanismscapabilitiesincludinggovernmentalguidanceandmarketdrive,quickencultivationofallkindsofagriculturessocializedserviceorganizations,andpromotecomprehensiveservicesinthefieldsofinformation,technology,purchaseandselling,finance,agriculturalmachinesandsoon.10-200米ByLiGuoqiang,EnterpriseResearchInstituteoftheDRCResearchReportNo171,2010BoththePlanfortheRejuvenationoftheLogisticsIndustryandthe2010~2015PlanfortheDevelopmentofLogisticInformationTechnologyhavefocusedonthesocializationoflogisticsbusiness,thespecializationofbusinessoperation,theinformatizationofo,thefirstdealswithmultimodaltransportandtransialtransportisanimportantcomponentpartofrejuvenatingthelogisticsindustryanddransportinChinaandtheaddressingofsomeoftheprominentissuesfacingChinasmodernlogisticsindustry,especiallythelowoveralllevelandthehighoverallcost,isofdemonstrationsignificance,sMultimodalContainerTransportRecentyearshavewitnessedarapiddevelopmentofChina,000kilometersofdouble-deckcontainerpassages(whichcanbeextendedto20,000kilometers),18railwaycontainercentralstations,andmanycontainerhandlingstations,Chinahasmadeb,Ltd.(CRCT)hasbuilt18containercentralstationsacrossthecountry,whichhavethefacilitiesandfunctionsfortraintransport,loading,unloading,moving,warehousing,distribution,one-stopdoubleinspection,andinformationservice,andcouldprovidewarehousing,loading,unloading,packing,distribution,(twentyfootequivalentunit),cospecializedaccordingtointernationalstandards,andaytransporthasbecom,inwhichtwoo,,,multimodaltransporttakescontainerastransportunitsandintegratesdiffe,one-timecharging,one-timebilling,andone-timeinsurance,:withoneticketforthewholeprocess,a,,ithasbecomeanewandimportantmodeforinternationalcontainertransportandhdaconferenceinMay1980,atwhichtheUnitedNati,,theMinistryofRailwaysandtheMinistryofCommunicationsjointlypromulgatedtheRegulationtainertransport,develo,itenactedtheIntermodalSurfaceTransportationEfficiencyAct(1991,ISTEA),itenactedtheTransportationEquityActforthe21stCentury(TEA-21)topromoteandcoordinatemultimodaltransportintermsofmechanism,(1992),theBritishWhitePaperonTransport(1998)andtheJapaneseIntegratedPlanforLogisticsPolicies(1997)allprovidedvastdevelopmentspacetofullytaptheoverallefficiencyofmultimodalc,,creatingahighly-efficientorganizationalformformultimodalcontain"seamlessconnection",inspection,taxation,exchangesettlement,taxrebate,accountsettlement,(CAVELogistics),madeupof55smallandmedium-sizedtransportenterprises,increaseditsproductivityby30%anditsnewconsumersby80%andreducedtransportcostby25%,reduceinventory,reducecargodamageandotheraccidents,,safe,reliable,convenientandenvironment-friendlyandcanprovidetranspo,itcanplayatangibleroleineleentirecargotransportchafairlyhighratiooftransportearningsfromthewholeprocessofcargotransportandcanhelpintroducenewandadvancedtransporttechnologies.。

    龙虎BBIN明星97Figure2ChangeofLogisticsCostoftheWholeSocietyDuring1991~2008Source:ratedpaceandthecargotransportationhasnotablydeclinedIntermsoftheaddedvalueofthelogisticsservice,fromthefirstquarterthroughthethirdquarterof2008,thea,respectively,%%,thegrowthofvalue-addedserviceaccelerated,withtheaddedvalueofthedelivery,,%fromayearago,,affectedbysuchfactorsasthefrequentoccurrenceofnaturaldisasters,theslackeningmacro-economicgrowthandtheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thegrowthofChinasmajorcargotransportationsectorshasgonedowninvariousdegrees(Figure3).Firstly,lmaintainedanacceleratedgrowtho%,,,thecountrywiderailwaycargotranspo%%respectively,yearonyear,,transportationbywaterandatcoastalseaportshasgonedownaftertheriseand,especiallyafterSeptember2008,Chinascargotransportationbywater,thevolumeofcargotransportationbyw%%respectively,,theairtransportationhasremainedsluggishduringthewholeyear,especiallysinceAugust2008,thea,thevolu,%%,respectively,yearonyear,ear.ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinance,theDRCResearchReportNo017,2010TodaytherearedivergentviewsonChina,regionalgovernments,developers,industryauthorities,investors,speculators,low-incomepeopleandvariousmediaallhavetheirownviewson"rigiddemand",low-incomepeoplearebitteraboutexorbitanthouseprices,sayingthepurchaseofahousewouldcostamiddle-classfamilylandsupply,new"landkings"(landsoldatrecordhighprices)egulationhasbecomethehottestofallhotmacroeconomictopicsItispreciselybecauseviewsaresodivergentandbecausetherealestatemarketdirectlyconcernscurrenteconomicrecoveryandsocialstabilitythataseriousreflectiononChinasexperienceregardingrea,,htauctionandhou,whicharetwoeconomicfactors,,thisdoesnotmeaninanywaythathousepricescanhiketolevelswherelow-incomepeoplea,,aminimumamountoffarmlandshoul,thisbottomlinemayvaryinthelongrunandindifferenthistoricalperiods,duetochangestoworldpoliticalanegoalofthereformtoswitchfromwelfarehousingtomonetizedhousingandalsothefoundationforthecountry,policiesandtacticsarereurchasehousesinarealestatemarketdeterminedbydiverseinternationalanddomesticfactors,thegovernmentmustdoallitcantofirstensuremostofthesepeople,afactoraffectingpoliticalstability,tohavehousestolive,,cityplanning,fiscalarrangement,,eventhecountriesandregionswithsoundmarketsystems,suchastheNordiccountries,theUnitedStates,Germany,SingaporeandChinasHongKong,,,notedforhugepopulationandscarceland,,theincomeofitspeopleh,,this"rigiddemand"canbecomearelativeand"flexible""rigiddemand"canbeentirelylimi,taxationcanconverttheincomefromhousepricehikingintoasubs,housepricehikingwillhavenor,subsidyrises,too,"rigid"housing-purchasingdemandwillbecomea"flexible",ifitspoliciescandistinguishthedemandforbasicconsumption-orientedhousingfromthedemandforqualityhousing,thegovernmentnaturallywillfacesmallerpressureforavigorousrealestatemarketregulation,whenthe"rigiddemand"nshouldbe,andthe"rigid"demandwillbecomea"flexible"iseinpersonaldisposableincomeandagrowingdemandforhousingimprovement,therealestatemarketundoubtedlywillmakegreatercontributionstoacountrysGDPgrowtha,therealestatemarkethasplayedindeliblerolesinChina,thespeedofrealestatedevelopment,likeotherpillarindustries,,,theexcesspushbytherealestatemarketasapillarindustrycanbringgrowthtoacountrysecon,,asthepersonalconsumptionratehascontinuedtofallinthepastd,thegovernmenthadnoalternativebuttomaintaineconomicgrowthandemp,2008Since2008,theeconomicoperationhasbeenadvancinginthedirectionthatwasanticipatedwhentheguidelineof"TwoPrevents"(preventfasteconomicgrowthfrombecomingoverheatedgrowthandkeepthestructuralpriceincreasefromturningintosignificantinflation),theriseofconsumerpricesisslowingdownandtheriskoft,therehaveappearedmoreandmuchinfluentialprecariousandunstablefactorsthanexpectedintheeconomicoperation,thu,thefactorsdrivinguppricesarechangingandthemedium-andlong-termpressuresfrominflationcannotbeneglected;moreover,theeconomicgrowthisconfrontedwithvariouspressuressuchasthedecreaseofexternaldemand,theunstableChinesedomesticdemandandtheincreaseofdifficulties,etc..Inthelaterhalfoftheyear,themacroeconomicpolicyshouldbeaimedatfindinganewbalancepointbetweenstabilizingpricesandmaintainingastableandfasteconomicdevelopmentinorderto"alleviatetheinflation,stabilizethegrowthandfacilitatetheeconomicreforming".iseAreChangingRecently,thedominantfactorsdrivingupconsumerpricesarechangingandtheimpactproducedbytherisei,theriseofconsumerpricesislikelytoslowdown,b,andthedominantfactorsfortheriseareswitchingfrommeatandeggproductstofoodstuffandindustrialconsumergoodsTheriseofconsumerpricessinceMay2007hasbeenmainlyfueledbytheriseoffoodprices,andtheriseoffoodpriceshascontributedanaverage83%,thepricesofthoseproductshavefallen%%%%,exceptformeatandeggs,,affectedbythepriceratioeffectresultingfromtheriseinpricesofmeatandeggs,pricesofaquaticproducehaveincreased,%inMayascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear,partlybalancingtherestrain,affectedbythedrasticriseoffoodstuffpricesonworldmarket,%,exceptforsoybean,Chinasfoodstuffsaremuchlessdependentonworldmarket,therefore,thefoo,thewideningfoodstuffpricespreadbetweenChinaandtherestoftheworldandthedemonstrationeffectofthehighfoodstuffpricesonworldmarketar,thedrasticriseinpricesofmeansofproductioncausedbytheriseinpricesofprimarycomms,thecostincreasecausedbytheriseinpricesofmeansofproductionhasbeendigestedandabsorbedinproduction,withonly10%or,thefastincreaseinpricesofmeansofproductionsince2008hasobviouslydrivenupthepricesofpartofthemeansofsubsistence,,ex-factorypricesofclothesandarticlesofevery%,%%respectively,mainhighforanexcessivelylongperiodoftime,andiftheprocessingandmanufacturingindustriesbecomelessandlesscompetentfordigestingandabsorbingtheriseinpricesofupstreamproducts,thenpricesofindustrialconsumergoodsar,affectedbythedrasticriseofrealestatepricesandtheincreaseinelectricityandwaterpricesoverrecentyears,ulywillalsobecisehasacceleratedSinceSeptember2007,prices%inMay2008,%,,itwasmainlytherapidexpansio,thepresentriseinpricesofmeansofproductionresultedfromtheincreaseofproductioncostbroughtaboutbytheriseinpricesofsuchprimarycommoditiesasironore,coalandcrudeoilaga,%oftheriseinpricesofmeansofproduction;theriseinpricesofChina-madeironore,,%,namely,,%oftheincreaseweredrivenupbytheriseinpricesofChina-orforeign-madeironore,coalandoil,whichisatypicalcost-drivenpricerise.红9官方游戏重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByWangZhonghong,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo118,sdigitaltelevisionindustryAttheendof2008,Chinasdigitaltelevisionuserstotaledmorethan60million,accountingforabout15%ofthecountrysgoaltobasicallystopbroadcastinganaloguetelevisionby2015,thedigitaltelevisionindustrystillhastocoverabout85%,universalserialbuses,vehicleterminalsandspecialserviceequipmentwi,dataservices,s395milliontelevisionuserspays10yuanforvalue-addedservicesorpaycontents,measuretorejuvenateinformationtechnologyindustryandboosteconomicgrowthDigitaltelevisioninvolvesintegratedcircuits,consumerelectronics,ITequipment,broadcastingequipment,technicalservices,multimediacontents,astelevisionintothedigitalagebutalsopushforwardthedevelopmentofthewho,t%over2007,%growth,thesalesoftheele,%anselectronicinformationindustrynowfacesagravesituationduetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustryundoubtedlycanplayimportantrolesinspurringthedomesticdemand,rejuvpeoplesbenefitsandstatesecurityandstabilityTelevisionisamassmediathathasthemostfrequentandclosestcontactswiththepeople,%contentsandservicesandenhancethelevelofthepeople,,itisthemostr,thegovernmentsinallcountriesexercisedirectadministrationovertheterrestrialdigitaltelevisionstandardsandtheirenforcement,tructurewillassumegrowingstrategicimportanceinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,inimprovingthepeoplesionindustryintheneartermCurrently,Chinahassolidtechnical,organizationalandindustrialbasesfordevelopingdigitaltelevisionandisstrivingforarapiddevelopment.(1),whichbegantoenforcein2007thecompletelyproprietarydigitalterrestrialtelevisionstandard(DTMB).Sofar,thestandardhasbeenadoptedby10provinces,27citie,thestandardhasbeenproventobemoreadvancedthantheEuropeanandJapanesestandardsinthestandardcomparisonsandtestsinCuba,Venezuela,(CMMB)targetedon,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilmhasalsoindependentlydevelopedthedirect-to-homesatellitetransmissiontechnologyABS-Stargetedontheremotemountainousareasandthevastruralareas,andhassucces,ChinaalsohasadvancedtechnologiesthathavewoninternationalrecognitionandwhoseproductsarebeingsoldtocountriesinEuropeandAmerica.(2),ChinantegratedCircuit,ShanghaiHighDefinition,BeijingLingxun,andBeijingTaiheZhiheng,thetelevisionsetmanufacturingenterprisessuchasChanghong,HaierandTCL,thebroadcastequipmentmanufacturingenterprisessuchasBeiguangTechnologiesandTongfangJiezhao,theset-topboxmanufacturingenterprises,themajortelevisionstations,,namelyTCL,Skyworth,Kongka,Changhong,HisenseandHaier,nowaccountforabout20%,Chinasuccessfullyconducteddigitaltelevisiontrialbroadcasting,layingafinefoundationformasscommercialapplication.(3),Chinasetupaleadinggroupfordigitaltelevisionresearch,,comprisingtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilm,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationandmanyothergovernmentdepartments,hasplayedkeyrolesinsetting,popularizingandindustrializingChina,atotalof150RDinstitutionsandenterprises,includingTsinghuaUniversityandHaierGroup,,chips,terminalproducts,programs,launchingandreceivingdisplayservicesandmanykeyproprietarytechnologies,theunionhasbecomeanintermediaryorganizationinthetechnologicalinnovation,standardpopularizationandindustrialdevelopmentofChina(1)andinvolvesdiversegovernmentfunctionssuchasequipmentregulation,contentregulation,operationregulationanduserguidanceanddiversegovernmentdepartmentssuchastheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,,,nos,regulations,organizationalstandardsandindustrialpoliciestoeffectivelyboostthedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustry.(2)TheProcessofformulating,ascapacityforindependentinnovationindigitaltelevisionsoastofreeChinafromthemonopolyofforeigntechnologies,bringChinastechnologicalstandardstothesupportingstandardshavebeenrelativelyslow,,forexample,theChinesestandardshavebeenproven,nearlyhalfofthesupportingstandardsfordigitaltelevisionhavenotbeenformulatedandaccordinglytheproducershavenoalternativebuttowaitforthepromulgationofthesestandards,eventhoughtheyalreadyhaveproductioncapacities.(3)on,itisstillweakintheproductionofstudioequipment,high-definitionprogramproduction,metersandinstruments,,itsproductiontechnologyforliquidcrystalflatabledigitaltelevisioncontents,theindustryisstillnotedforinsufficientcompetition,regionalisolation,smallindustrialscale,lowscaleeconomy,insufficientimpetustooperatorsinimprovingservices,weakprofitability,,mutualnetworkingisstillimpossiblebetweendifferentprovi,500cablenetworkcompaniesnationwide,——AnalysisofEconomicPerformanceintheFirstHalfof2010andProspectsfortheWholeYearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceInthefirsthalfof2010,,thepriceriseremainedatareasonablelevel,theriskofassetbubblewasreducedandtheeconomicperform,undertheimpactoftheEuropeansovereigndebtcrisis,therecoveryoftheworldeconomyhassloweddownanditislikelythatdomesticinvestmentcoul,inthelatterhalfoftheyear,themacro-controlpolicyshouldbefocusedonenforcingsteadymicro-adjustments,andtheorientationandflexibilityofthepolicyshouldbeenhancedonthebasisofmaintainingthesuccessesachievedinthefirsthalfoftheyearinpreventingthebubbleeconomyandholdingtheinflationinchecktoalleviatecontradictionsandrisksandtograduallyrealizethestabletransitionoftheeconomicpolicyfromacrisis-fightingonetoaconventionalone,soasincethebeginningof2010,withanumberofmacro-controlmeasuresbeingimplemented,thedynamicalstructurefortheeconomicgrowthhasbeenimproved,theriskofassetbubblehasbeenreducedconsiderablyandtheeconomicperformancehasonthewholepresentedapatternof"highgrowthandlowprices".alstageofcombatingthefinancialcrisis,,consumptionturninthepreviousyimulusplan,,thegovernment-ledinvestmentfellgraduallyandthemar,2009,ofthefixedassetinvestment,%,%%fromJanuarythroughMayof2009,%,theexportvalueallregisteredlessthan90billionUSdollarsineachmonth,withthegrowthdecliningbyanaccumulativetotalofmorethan20%.Nevertheless,exportvalu,,%fromayearago,and,positiveresultshavebeenachievedasaresultofthe,suchasautomobiles,homeelectricalappliancesandtourism,theconsumptiondemandhasshownasteadilygrowingmomentum,rketunveiledbytheStateCouncilhaveloomedupgradually,,thedecreaseeanegativeg,adjustmentshavebe%sincethebeginningoftheyearandtheShanghaiandShenzhen300hasdroppedbyanaccumulativetotalof29%.Theevaluationlevelonthestockmarketshasremained,growthofmoneycredithasbeencont,withtheresumptionoftheelasticitymechanismofexchangerates,thepressureofmoneyinputarisingfromfundsoutstandingforforeignexchangehasbeenalleviated,alsobeneficialtosomeextenttocontainingtheformationofthebubbleeconomy.ByLiuFeng,ResearchTeamon"StudiesonStrategiesandPoliciesofUrbanizationwithChineseCharacteristics"ofDRCResearchReportNo133,2009Urbanclusterisanimportantdevelopmenttrendandthemostprominentregierentscales,formedwithoneormoremajorcitiesasthecoreofregiona,functionallycomplementary,closelylinkedandentirelyoptimized,whichisanadvancedevolutionformandhelpstobetterrealizetheinteractionbelurbanandtownshipsystemcharacterizedbythecoordinateddevelopmentbetweenlarge,medium-andsmall-sizedcitiesandsmalltownshastakenitsinitialshapeinChina,withlargecitiesasthecore,acterizedbyurbanclustenincreasingtrendIn2007,therewere655citiesinChina,,therewere63megalopolis,(Table1),thenumberoflargecitieshaswitnessedanevidentincreaseand,inparticular,themostevidentincreasehasoccurredinthenumberofcitieswithapopulationbetween500,,thenumberofthosewithapopulationofover5millionincreasedfrom2in1997to8in2007andthenumberofbigcitieswithapopulationofover500,,thepopulationstendtoaggregateinbigcitiesinbignumber,andthepopulationgrowthinla,thenumberoflargecitieswithanon-agriculturalpopulationofover500,000reached154,%oftheentirecities,%oftotalnon-agriculturalpopulationsofdistrictsdirectlyundercitiesacrossthecountry;thenumberofmedium-sizedcitieswithapopulationof200,000to500,000reached245,%ofentirecities,%oftotalnon-agriculturalpopulationsofdistrictsdirectlyundercitiesacrossthecountry;thenumberofsmallcitieswithapopulationoflessthan200,000registeredthebiggestproportion,reaching256,%oftheentirecities,whe%oftotalnon-agricu:UrbanPopulationScaleandStructureofChinaByXiaoJunyan,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo53,scurrentgrainconhinasGrainSecurity(2008~2020)thatin2007Chinas"per-capitagrainpossessionlevelamountedto380kilogramsanditsper-capitagrainconsumptionreached388kilograms",,wecouldobtainfiguresongrainconsumptionfromstatisticaldataandwiththesefigureswecouldpredictthefuturetrendsofChina,currently,Chinasstatisticsarenotadequateenoughtomeetthispurposeasaresultofthefollowingfourkindsofdifficulties:One,therehavebeennodataonper-capitagrainconsumptioninopenstatistics;Two,therehavebeennoeffectivemethodstoworkoutthegrainconsumptionvolume,suchasmeat,poultry,eggs,milkandaquaticproducts;Three,openstatisticsonlyindicatetheamountofgrainconsumedathome,whileitwasthemoneyspentatrestaurantsthatwasworkedoutratherthantheamountofgraineatenatrestaurants,resultingindifferentstatisticalstandards;Four,sgrainconsumptiondatareleasedbyGrainandAgricultureOrganizationoftheUnitedNations(UNFAO)cannotbeuseddirectly,sconceptof"grain",then10%orsoofChinascurrenttotalgrainoutputwi,thisreportwilladoptanoverallcalculatingapproachwithoutanybreakdowns(grainration,feedgrain,industrialgrainandseedgrain),namely,theper-capitagrainconsumptionlevelwillbefiguredoutbasedontherelationshipsbetweenthetotalgrainoutput,,duetoitsclosesubstitutionalrelationswithgrain,,whatiscriticalisthatwehavetomakeclearfourthingsbeforefiguringoutChinascurrentper-capitagrainconsumptionlevel:One,theper-capitagrainpossessionlevelinclusiveofthenetgrainimports;Two,theper-capitalgrainpossessionlevelinclusiveofthenetimportedediblevegetableoilbeingconvertedintograin;Three,deductionofsurplusinventories;Four,,thisreporthaschosentheperiodof1990~2008foranalysis,becauseduringthisdediblevegetableoil(1),,thestructureofthegrainreservesmustbefurtherbrokendowninordertofigureouttheactualgrainconsumptionduring1990~insecurityproblemhasbeenconspicuousshouldcometo18%slargepopulationanditsconditionsforgrainproduction,Chinashouldkeepmoregraininstock,with25%,namely,,whichisroughly500milliontonsofgrainconsumedeachyearinChina,China,sgrainreservesbytheendofMarch2009,,whichhadnotbeenconsumed.(2),whichhastobetakenintoacco,inrecenttenyears,theamountofChinasimportsandexportsofagriculturalproductsincreasedfromabout20billionUSdollarstomorethan99billionUSdollarsin2008,andtheperiodofthefastestincreasewasfrom2003onwards,whenChina,intermsofthespecificimportandexportitemsrelatedtograinandediblevegetableoil,,in2007,China,withtheimportsbeing11%,theimpor,%,whentheexportsofgrainandoilarededucted,itpossessionlevel(1)Per-capitaoutput:390~410kilogramsin6years,370~385kilogramsin8yearsand333~365kilogramsin5yearsduring1990~2008.(2)Net-import-includedper-capitagrainpossessionlevel:390~426kilogramsin9years,370~387kilogramsin6yearsand334~365kilogramsin4yearsduring1990~,before2004,theimportsaccountedfor2%in1996,withthoseallbeingunder1%inotheryearsand,from2004onwards,theimportsexceeded4%%by2008,showinganupwardtrend(Table1).20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以——AKeynoteSpeechatChinaDevelopmentForum2009ZhangYutaiPresidentofDRCFirstofall,onbehalfoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilpleaseallowmetoexpressmywarmwelcnasreformanddevelopment,ardthesemeetings,theyhavebecomemajoreventscatchingpeople,infaceoftheinternationalfinancialcrisisrarelyseeninthepast,wehaveselectedChinasReformandDevelopm,impactsandtrendshiswhirlpool,theseriouscrisisofthefinancialsystemandtherecessionoftndtheirexchangeratesdroppingsharply,exportearningsandfisc,,Chinaasadevelopingcountrywithitsexportdependencyexceeding30%hasseenitsexpo,Chinasexporthaspostedanegativegrowthforseveralmonthsrunningandthishasspreadrapidlytotherelatedindustries,,srealeconomy,,theChinesegovernmenthasadjustedthemacro-eco,theChinesegovernmentredefinedtheprimarygoalformacro-economicregulationas"ensuringgrowthandcontrollingprices"insteadof"preventingoverheatingandinflation",thegovernmentfurtherredefinedtheprimarymacro-regulatorytaskaspreventinganexcessivelyfastslidein,iti,someeconomicindicatorshaveshownpositivechangesrtherproducemajosimplementationofthetwo-year4-trillion-yuaninvestmentstimuluspackage,ourpreliminaryestimateisthatitwilldriveupChina~tionplanfor10majorindustriesareadded,Chinawillbeabletoachievethe8%,wehaveputmoreemphasisonincreasingthecoordinatenessofeconomicgrowth,enhancingthequalityandefficiencyofeconomicgrowthandpromotingtheoptimizationandupgradingofeconomicstructuresoastobringmor,wecouldclaimthatourpoliciesarehighlysuccessfulevenifthisyearseconomicgrowthfluctuatesaround8%.Inthefinalanalysis,thedecisionoftheChinesegovernmenttotake"ensuringgrowth"astheprimarytasktocopewiththecrisisisdesignedtoboostemployment,,,,ourpressingtastforsmallandmicroenterprises,encouragebusinesscreationtoboostemployment,supportthedevelopmentoflabor-intensiveenterprises,improvethesystemsonjobtrainingandunemploymentsecurity,,wemustcurebothsymptomsandroot-causes,combineshort-termmeasureswithlong-termones,pushforwardstructuraloptimizationandindustrialupgrading,andtakseconomicgrowthhasbeenover-dependentonfundinputandmaterialconsumption,consumptionhasfailedtogiveasufficientpushtoeconomicgrowth,thecontributionoftechnologicalinnovationtoeconomicgrowthhasbeenfairlylow,agriculturalfoundationhasbeenweak,,theChinesegovernmentemphasizedthattheshort-t,greateffortsshouldbemadetosolvethestructuralcontradictionsineconomicgrowth,expandthedomesticdemandandespeciallytheconsumerdemand,givestrongsupporttotechnologicaladvance,,greaterattentionshouldbepaidtotheprojectsconcerningthepeopleslife,suchassubsidizedhousing,education,health,cultureand,environmentalprotectionande,Chinashouldintensifytheconstructionofrailway,expressway,farmland,watercontrolandotherkeyinfrastructureprojectssoastoincreasethestayingpowerforalong-termdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、红9官方游戏用户至上ag国际馆赌场Accordingtotheabovedefinitions,electrificationisanimportantindicatortomeasurergyconsumedforpowergeneration,theprimaryenergyconsumptionorelectricpowerconsumption,andtheendenergyconsumption,itisinfactamajorexpressionofeconomicdevelopment,industrialstructure,energyconsumptionstructure,,industrialrestructuring,technologicaladvanceandtheexpansionofpower-supplycapacity,thelevelofChina,energystructure,technologicaladvanceandotherfactors,thechangeinthelevelofelectrificatio(1)Thechangeintheindustrialstru,theratioofcoalconsumptiontoendenergyconsumptioninChinasprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustrieshasbeenonthedecline,while,oil,electricpowerandotherenergieshavedifferentfeaturesintheendenergyconsumptioninthesesectors,thechangeinthestructureofthesesectorshasaconsiderableimpactonthestructureofChinareofnationwideendenergyconsumptionandcoalclaimsthelargestshareofenergyconsumptionbythesecondaryindustry,thechangeinthestrofendenergyconsumption,thechangeinthesoftheenergiesconsumedbythesecondaryandtertiaryindustries,theratioofelectricpowerconsumedbythetwosectorstoendenergyconsumptionhasbeenontheriseduetothnrisingvisibly,theratioofelectricpowerconsumptiontoendenergyconsumptionhasrisenmosttangibl~2006period,%,reaching2,/,%forthe1980~1990period,%forthe1991~2000period,%forthe2001~industryclaimedafairlylargeshareofover70%andthetertiaryindustryandthepeopleslifeclaimarelativelylowshareofabout10%.Thechangeinthestructureofelectricpowerconsumptionindicatesthattheratioofelectricpowerconsumedbytheprimaryindustryhasdroppedyearafteryear,%sistentwi,at81%in1980,%in1990,%in2000,%ngyearafteryear,at10%,%or8percentagepointshigherthanin1980.LongGuoqiangHowwillglobalsupplychainschangeundertheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisisWhatopportunitiesandchallengeswillthesechangesbringtoChinaWhatpositivemeasuresshouldChinataketosee(DRC)setupaionalcompanies,madecasestudiesontheChina-basedenterprisesofPhilipsandBoeing,issuedquestionnairestoover1,500foreign-investedenterprises,,thetaskforcealsosolicitedop,astthreedecades,theformationandexpansionofglobalsupplychainshas,,theincreasinglyfiercemarketcompetitionhasforcedmultinationalcompaniestofullytapthecomparativeadvantagesofvariouscountriesandre-arrangetheirproduction,marketing,,thevigorousadvanceintradeandinvestmentliberalizationhasgr,therevolutionaryadvanceintechnologyandmlogisticshasgreatlyreducedthecostoftransnationaloperationsandgivenastrongpushtothemod,ericanfamilies,the"re-manufacturing"pursuedbydevelopedcountries,thenewdevelopmenttrendsoflow-carboneconomyandgreeneconomyarisingfromclimateissues,thenew-roundtechnologicalrevolutionarisingfromthefinancialcrisis,theresurgeoftradeprotectionismandthenewtechnologicaltradebarrierssuchas"carbontariff",theadjustmentoftheglobalpatternofeconomicdevelopmentarisingfromtherapiddevelopmentofemergingeconomies,theglobalovercapacityandfiercercompetition,theadjustmentoftherulesonglobalfinance,tradeandinvestment,andthesforglobalsupplychainswil,thebasictrendofglobaltradeandinvestmentliberationisunlikelytochangeandso,multinationalcompanieswillinternationalizetheirRDactivitiesandserviceoutsourcingandwilndbrincrisisera:First,,theconsumerdemandgrowthindevelopedcountrieswillslowdown,thedemandinemergingeconomieswillgrow,thepartialovercapacitywillbecomemoreprominent,,thepost-crisisacquisitionsbetweendevelopedeconomiesarelikelytobeserio%ofthesurveyedenterprisessaytheirinvestmentinChinawillnot%%,theenterprisesinemergingeconomieswilltaptheiramplefundingstrengthandcanintegrateglobalsupplychains,,70%ofthesurveyedenterprisesbelievenewenergiesandlow-carboneconomywillbr,overhalfofthesurveyedenterprisesholdthatcarbontariffandotherme,globalsupplychainsmaybecomemorespatiallyco,"globalsupplychainswillcontinuetodevelopandthestatusofregionalsupplychainswillrise".Third,lsupplychainsofmultinationalcompanies,ercostfactorssuchasprocurement,logisticsandmanagementisrising,,market-orientedsupplychainswillbecomemoreimportantwhilelowcostwillcontinuetobetheprimaryconsiderationwhenmultinationalcompaniesarrangetheipansion,globalsugestoChinaThankstotheeffectiveandpropermeasurestakenbytheChinesegovernmentaftertheoutburstoftheglobalfinancialcrisis,ernalmarkets,mostof,Chinassta,GeneralMotorshasrelocateditsglobaloperationsheadquarterstoShanghai,smostimportantmanufacturingbase,butalsotheworld,itwillbecometheworldssecondlargesteconomyandtheworld,Chinasappealtomultinat,thetopfiveratedbythesurveyedenterprisesarerespectively"domesticmarketpotential","soundinfrastructure","laborcost","thelevelofadmissionforforeigninvestments",and"industrialconcentrationandsupportcapacity".Marketappealhassurpassedlow-costlabortobecomeChina,theintegrationandadjustmentofglobalsupplychainswillbringmajoropportunitiestoChina:ByLiuFeng,ResearchTeamon"StudiesonStrategiesandPoliciesofUrbanizationwithChineseCharacteristics"ofDRCResearchReportNo133,2009Urbanclusterisanimportantdevelopmenttrendandthemostprominentregierentscales,formedwithoneormoremajorcitiesasthecoreofregiona,functionallycomplementary,closelylinkedandentirelyoptimized,whichisanadvancedevolutionformandhelpstobetterrealizetheinteractionbelurbanandtownshipsystemcharacterizedbythecoordinateddevelopmentbetweenlarge,medium-andsmall-sizedcitiesandsmalltownshastakenitsinitialshapeinChina,withlargecitiesasthecore,acterizedbyurbanclustenincreasingtrendIn2007,therewere655citiesinChina,,therewere63megalopolis,(Table1),thenumberoflargecitieshaswitnessedanevidentincreaseand,inparticular,themostevidentincreasehasoccurredinthenumberofcitieswithapopulationbetween500,,thenumberofthosewithapopulationofover5millionincreasedfrom2in1997to8in2007andthenumberofbigcitieswithapopulationofover500,,thepopulationstendtoaggregateinbigcitiesinbignumber,andthepopulationgrowthinla,thenumberoflargecitieswithanon-agriculturalpopulationofover500,000reached154,%oftheentirecities,%oftotalnon-agriculturalpopulationsofdistrictsdirectlyundercitiesacrossthecountry;thenumberofmedium-sizedcitieswithapopulationof200,000to500,000reached245,%ofentirecities,%oftotalnon-agriculturalpopulationsofdistrictsdirectlyundercitiesacrossthecountry;thenumberofsmallcitieswithapopulationoflessthan200,000registeredthebiggestproportion,reaching256,%oftheentirecities,whe%oftotalnon-agricu:UrbanPopulationScaleandStructureofChina、DVORLiuShijin,YuBin,ZhangLiqun,YangJianlong,LiJianwei,ChenChangshengFangJinThereweresignstharnmentanditsgradualeffect,theen,weshouldattachgreatimportanttoissuessuchassharpeningemploymentcontradictionsrelatedtoeconomicoperation,dramaticdeclineofenterprisesperformance,inflationarypressurerelatedtotheswiftgrowthofcreditf,macroeconomicpoliciesshouldfocusonpromotingthereboundofmarket-drivendomesticdemand,whilemaintainingthescopeandeffectivenessofgovernmentinvestments,avoidingasecondrincethesecondhalfof2008,%%,whichwasnotonlyduetotheimpactofinternationalfinancialcrisisandaconspicuousslowergrowthofworldeconomy,butalsorelatedtothefactthatdomesticleadingsectors,suchasrealestateandautoindustries,entereda,thedevelopmentpatternonwhicheconomicgrowthhasbeenrelyingforalongperiodoftimewasbolsteredbylowpriceandhighinvestmentofelements,suchaslaborforce,landandresources,soitbecomesdifficulttokeepitsustainedwhensignificantchangestakeplaceininternationalanddomesticsituation,,thegro,thechangeinmarketexpectationsandreflectionofenterprises,theover-pessimisticexpectationsweregraduallymultiplied,andthemark,heavyindustrywhichholdsaconsiderablysignificant,lotsofintermediateproductsandlargeinvestmentdemand,oncetheultimatedemandshrinks,itseffectwillspreadalongtheindustrialc,withahighforeigntradedependenceratio,pricesofcommoditiesagainstthebackgroundoffinancialspeculationininternationalmarketsdramaticallydeclinedandimposedsevereimpactsondomesticpricesystem,whichgeneratedthephenomenonof"over-adjustment",differentfrompreviousones,wasbasedontheconditionsofChina,enterp,lackingofcareformarketchanges,imulusmeasuresaccordingtothechangesininternationalanddomesticeconomicsituation,includingdramaticallyincreasingfinancialinputandimplementingstructuraltaxreduction,establishingamassiveplanforindustryadjustmentandreinvigoration,providingvigoroussupporttoscien,,,i,somekeyindicators,s,,%.Fourth,thedeclineofoutputandsalesvolumeofkeyproducts,suchaspowergeneration,rawcoal,cement,steel,,lastQ4andQ1in2009,thesituationofmajoreconomiessuchastheUnitedStates,,domesticinvestmentandconsumptiondemandsaretobefurtherlaunched,andthedownwardpre,%,th%yearonyear,%,theresultofaquestionnaireconductedbyChineseEntrepreneurSurveySystemonover1,000entrepreneursshowedthatover50%ofentrep,someeconomicindicatorsarereturningtonormalintheshortrun,overalleconomicoperationispreliminarilystabilizing,eryoftheOverallEconomyThefactorsinfluencingeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearcanbeobservedfromthreeaspectsincludingforeigndemand,tent,,therecoveryofmarket-d,butthepossibilityoffurtherslideisnotexcludedForeigndemanddramaticallydeclinedowingtotheimpactofinternationalfinancialcrisisandeconomicrecession,anditisinevitableforChina,foreignimportersdramaticallycompressedstockinordertolowermarketrisksandreducetied-upfunds,,theexchangerateofsomecountriesdramaticallydepreciated,whichdamagedthecompetitivenessofChinasexportreportednegativegrowthonayear-on-yearbasisinlastNovember,,processingtrade-orientedITproductsbecamethemainfactorthatdraggedexportslide,whilethedeclineofexportvolumeoflightindustryandtextileproducts,suchasgarments,shoes,,,thankstotheincreasedexportrebateratesforlabor-intensiveproducts,thereisasignificantreboundinexports,,,exportsinprocessingtradedroppedlessthanthatinJan,,Americancommoditiesandothershopsfordailynecessities,exclusiveboutiquesforclothing,furniturestoresandnon-fuelcommoditiesofWal-Mart%,%,%%,asdevelopedcountrieshavetakeneconomicstimulusplansinsuccession,ifprivateconsumptionceasestoslip,inventoryadjustmentsofoverseasretailerswillbecompletedinthesecondquarter,,whileexportgrowthdramaticallysloweddowninbothJanuaryandFebruary,%yearonyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:LiuShijin,JinRenqing,:ofthetaskforceparticipatedinthediscussion.ByLaiYouwei,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo8,2009TheproductionservicesectorinBeijingstartedfromahigherpointandhasbecome,withagoodindustrialfoundation,aingitsproductionservicesector,addresstheconspicuouscontradictionsandproblemshamperingthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorinBeijingandboosttherealizationofthesteadyandrapideconomicdevelopmentinBeijing,,theproductionservicesectorinBeijingmaintainedagoodmomentumofdevelopmentandplayedanimportantsupportiveroleinstabilizingtheeconomortheproductionservicesectorandtakethedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorasan:productionservicesectorInNovember2007,theBeijingMunicipalPartyCommitteeandtheBeijingMunicipalGovernmentjointlypromulgatedtheProvisionsonFurtherPromotingtheDevelopmentoftheServiceIndustry,forthefuturedevelopmentofBeijing,inordertocarryouttheProvisionsonFurtherPromotingtheDevelopmentoftheServiceIndustryandconscientiouslyaddresstheconspicuouscontradictionsandproblemshamperingthedevelopmentofBeijingsproductionservicesector,itissuggestedthatinlightofthepreferentialpoliciestowardnewandhi-techindustriesandthesoftwareindustry,specificpoliciesandmeasuresshouldbeformulatedtoboostthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorintermsofmarketaccess,financialsupport,preferentialtaxation,guaranteeduseofland,pricesoftheessentialproductionfactors,fiscalsupport,exportrewardsandpersonneltrainingandintroduction,andthepoliciesandmeasuresshouldbegearedtothepromulgatedpoliciesandmeasurestoprovidestillgreaterbackingforthedevelopmentoftheproductionservicesectorandtoenhancethestayingpowromotionoftheserviceindustryInAugust2007,inordertofurtherfacilitatethedevelopmentofBeijingsbankingindustries,theBeijingMunicipalGovernmentsetuptheleadinggrouptobeinchargeofthefinancialservicework,whichplayedapositiveroleinfacilitatingthedevelopmentofBeijing,withreferencetotheorganizationalstructureofthe"LeadingGroupforFinancialServiceWorkinBeijing",shouldsetupleadinggroupsforexpandingtheserviceindustryinvariousdistrictsandcounties,tobeinchargeoftheoverallguidanceandcomprehensivecoordinationtowardtheexpansionoftheserviceindustryinvariousdistrictsandcounties,toearnestlyplacethedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryespeciallytheproductionservicesectorontheimportantagendcipalgovernmentlevelforthepromotionoftheserviceindustrytodiscoverandtackletheseriousproblemsthatcropupinthedevcordancewiththeorientationsandprioritytasksinthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustryespeciallytheproductionservicesector,stepupcommunicationandcoordination,enhanceserviceawarenessandmakejointeffo"directivefundfortheserviceindustry"andthe"fundfortheproductionservicesector"(1)Tosetupthe"directivefundfortheserviceindustry"InordertoboostthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustry,itissuggestedthatthe"directivefundforthedevelopmentofBeijingsserviceindustry",whicharemainlyusedattheweaklinksandinkeyfieldsandrisingtradesandprofessionsofthegrowingserviceindustry,,acertainamountofextrafundscanbearrangedfromthefinancialbudgetseachyeartobeusedassupportingdirectivefundsforthedevelopmentofthestateserviceindustryinvariouslocalities,fortheconstructionofthepublicplatforms,thegeneraltechnicalplatformsandtheinfrastructurefacilitiesinhigh-endpriorityindustrialdevelopmentzonesandinzoneswithserviceindustryclusters,fortheencouragementofindependentinnovationandbrandcreationandfortheopeningupofoverseasmarkets.(2)Tosetupthe"developmentfundfortheproductionservicesector"In1999,theformerMinistryofInformationIndustryandtheMinistryofFinancejointlystartedtheElectronicDevelopsastheintellectualpropertyrightsandstartedthe"StarlightChinaWickProject".TheformerMinistryofIn,forVimicroandbecamethemotivepowerforthedevelopmentofthe"StarlightChinaWickProject",butalsogaverisetomoreinvestmentsforbusinessstartupsandcreatesproductionservicesector,BeijingMunicipalGovernmentcansetupthe"developmentfundfortheproductionservicesector"withreferencetotheoperatingmodelof"electronicdevelopmentfund"andintensifythefinancia,suchasupportisdifferentfromthe"directivefundfortheserviceindustry",whichischaracterizedbythenewpracticeofriskinvestmentandmarketizedoperationbythegovernmentthatnotonlysupportstheproductionserviceenterprisestomakebreakthroughsinsomekeyfieldsandatsomecruciallinksandtogrowsteadily,butalsogainsrewardsfromthegovernmentinvestmentsoastorealizethemaintenanceofthevalueandtheappreciationoftheproductionservicedevelopmentfund.ByLiuYunzhong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRC,PanWenxuan,ResearchInstituteforScienceofMinistryofFinanceResearchReportNo63,2010Differentnaturalconditionsanddifferentlevelsofeconomicde,developedregionshaveafairlyhighleveloffiscalresources;withscarcetaxsources,ifferenceinthetype,,,publichealth,lopment,astrikinghorizontalfiscalimbalanceandlresourcesbetweendifferentregionssothattheregionswitharelativelylowlevelofeconomicdevelopmentandrelativelylesstaxsourcescanprovffiscalresources,basicpublicservicesFiscalTransferPaymentSystemChinascurrentfiscaltransferpaymentsy,Chinabegantodrawoninternationalexperienceandintroducedforthefirsttimeinhistoryaformularizedtransitionalmethodfortransferpayment,,andalso,Chinahadpreliminarilyfor:taxrefund,,ferpayment,,,therefore,thispapershallregardtaxrefundalsoasatypeofcentral-to-regionaltransferpaymentandplacnsitionalperiod,thesubsidyundertheformersystem,,transferpaym,thefiscaltransferpaymentsystemunderwentaseriesofadjustmentstodealwithvariousissuesarisingfrompracticaloperations,(1)Transferpaymentforwageadjustmentwasintroducedin1999toofferpropersubsidytooldindustrialbasesaswellastocentralandwesternregions.(2)Transferpaymentforethnicregionswasintroducedin2000.(3)Transferpaymentforruraltaxandfeereformwasintroducedin2001toensurethenormaloperationofruralgrassrootsorganizationsandtheissuanceofwagesforruralprimaryandsecondaryschoolteachers.(4)Aftertheincometaxrevenuesharingwasintroducedin2002,,theincreasedcentralrevenuearisingfromreformswasmergedwiththdinreferencetotheinter-regionalgapinregionalstandardfiscalrevenueandexpewouldreceive.(5)Inlightofthefiscaldifficultyatthecountyandtownshiplevels,thecentralfinanceestablishedaspecialtransferpaymentin2005tohelpeasetheirfiscaldifficulty.(6)Inordertonarrowtheinter-regionalgapinfiscalresources,graduallyequalizebasicpublicservicesandensurethesmoothimplementationofthenationalpolicyonmainfunctionalareas,thecentralfinancein2008furtherimprovedthemethodtocalculatethecentral-to-regionalgeneraltransferpayment.(7)Thecentralfinancein2009turnedtheformergeneraltransferpaymentintoabalancingtransferpaymentandtheformerfiscaltransferpaymentintoageneraltransferpayment,andincludedtheexpendituresoneducation,socialsecurityandemployment,publicsecurityandgeneralpublicservices,whosesubsidieswererelativelystableandwereformerlyincludedinthespecialtransferpayment,,Chinascentral-to-regionalfiscaltransferpaymentconsistedofthreemainitems:taxrefund,erentimpactontheequalizationoffiscalresources.。

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