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betway必威SA视讯Thesurveyfindsthatthereisasignifi,enterprisesintheeastha,lar,state-ownedenterprises,state-controlledcompaniesandforeign-investedcompaniesenjoyrelativelybetterbusiness,whileprivateenterprisesseerelativelyworsebusiness(seeTable1).Withregardtoindustry,relativelybetterbusinessperformanceisidentifiedintheproductionandsupplyofelectricity,heatingpower,gasandwater,informationtransmissionsoftwareandinformationtechnologyservices,rentalandleasingandbusinessservices,manufactureofpharmaceuticals,electronicequipment,instruments,,respondentsreporting“good”businessareover25percentagepointsmorethanthosereporting“bad”,chemicalfibers,“good”businessareover20percentagepointsfewerthanthosereporting“bad”,andprofitsarebasicallystableInthesurvey,comparedwith2013,%ofrespondentsreporta“decrease”inthequantityoftheiroutput(services);%notean“unchanged”quantity,%seean“increase”inoutput(services).Accordingtothesurvey,42%ofrespondentssaytheircurrentsales“decrease”;33%report“unchanged”sales,and25%reportan“increase”es“decrease”“increase”,respectively,whichisclearlybetterthantheresultinthefirsthalfof2014butstillworsethantheresultof2013(seeTable2).Table2CurrentOutput(Services),SalesComparedwith2013(%)ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReport,(Total4571),peoplehavenoticedthefollowingincidentsthatRMBdepreciatedagainstUSdollar,variousdomesticcapitalpricesfellquickly,creditdefaultriskescalated,nomicandfinancialperformance,,,theconfusionofcapitalmarketshowsthatthemarketsfunctioninoptimizationofresourcesallocationunderthecurrentenvironmenthasbeengreatlyrestrained,ourcesmisallocationOntheonehand,moreandmoreinstitutions,linksandchainsrangingfromcapitalsourcestocapitalusersareinvolved,makingfundcirculationbecomeincrea,agrowingamountofcapitalinChinaispooled,converte,ahostofadministrativecontrolandsupervisionmeasuresarestillinplace,,financialinstitutionshaveescapedvariousfinancialcontrols(whichactuallyreflectsChinasdeepeningliberalizationininformalfinancialsystem)andinputtedcapitalintotheareasdiscourage,moreandmorefinancialinstitutionsandquasi-financialinstitutionsneedtobeincorporatedintothecapitalchain,,bondsandstockswitharelativelyshortchaininthetotalsocialfinancing,itwasabove80%before2009,butdroppedtoover70%in2010-2012andfurtherdroppedtoaround60%tedloansandtrustloans(Figure1).

ByShiGuangMaMingjie,ResearchTeamon"MiddleandLongTermGrowth"ofDRCResearchReport,,2014(Total4574)Sincethestartofreformandopening-up,thefocusoftheinnovationfactorslayouthasshiftedfromChina,,intheformofinnovationmaps,analyzedthetrendofchangesininnovationfactorsinter-provincial1distributionoverthepasttwodecades;sequencedtheprovincesbytheconcentrationlevelofinnovationfactors;anddiscussedtheintRegionalDistributionInthispaper,thechangesininnovationfactorsinter-provincialdistributioninthepasttwodecadeswereevaluatedfromthreeaspects:innovationinvestment,researchers,universities/colleges,andresearchinstitutes;innovationoutputwasevaluatedbyinventionpatentgrants;industrializationofinnovationachievementsincludedsuchindicatorsasthevolumeoftechnologytrade,thenumberofhi-techenterprises,,mostoftheinno,someregionshaveconcentratedmuchmoreinnovationfactorsoveracomparativelylongperiodthanolyseenfromfivetimenodesinthepasttwodecades,namely1991,1996,2001,2006,sttwodecadesandreachedRMB1trillionyuanin2012,,whileRDinvestm,,Shandong,andZhejiangused991-2010;ShaanxiandHubeiprovincesrosesharplyin2001and2006,butweresurpassedagainbycoastalprovincesin2010;SichuanandLiaoningprovinces,asoldindustrialbaseswithabundanttechnologicalresources,onceledthecountryin1991,nthepast20years,,theYangtzeRiverDeltaandGuangdonghavebecomethemainconcentrationareasofRDpersonnel:Guangdong,Jiangsu,andZhejiangboastedthemostRDpersonnelin2010,with340thousand,320thousand,and220thousandFTEs(full-timeequivalent),Beijing,Shanghai,Jiangsu,andShandonghaveheldtheleadin,northeast,centralandwe,Liaoning,ShaanxiandHubei,inparticular,usedtohaveacomparativeadvantageinscientifictalentsinthe1990s,esintoenterprisessince1999,thenumberofinstitutesreducedfrom5,463in1991to3,cades:mostofthemarelocatedintheeasternregion(Beijing,Shandong,Guangdong,andJiangsu)andthenortheasternregion(HeilongjiangandLiaoning);afewinthecentralandwesternregions(Sichuan,Hubei,andShanxi),thenumberofuniversitiesandcollegeshasincreasedatarapidpace:806in1991and3,,mostoftheuniversitiesandcollegesareintheeasternregion(Beijing,Shanghai,Jiangsu,andShandong)andthecentralregion(Hunan,Hubei,andAnhui).Secondly,thenumberofuniversitiesandcollegesinwesternprovinceslikeSichuanhasdroppedveryfast:in1991,Sichuanheldthenational2ndplaceintermsofthenumberofhighereducationinstitutions,,thenumberofuniversitiesandcollegesinAnhui,Guangdong,,rankingfirstinthecountry;inGuangdongthenumberincreasedfrom34in1991to173in2010;n4timeswhereasfrom2001-2010thenumbersawanincreaseof14times,mostofwhichwascontributedbyGuangdong,Beijing,Jiangsu,Shanghai,andZhejiang,the“newfiveprovinces”.In1991,Beijing,Liaoning,Shanghai,Sichuan,andShandongheldhalfofChina,southeastcoast,theabove-mentionedfiveprovincestookupa57-percentshareofChina,thecentralandwesternregionsonlywitnessedaslightincrea,,thecountry(atcurrentprice),,technologytradeindevelopedprovincesisincreasinglyactive,,Jiangsu,Guangdong,,Beijingspositiona%ofthenationaltotalin2010,comparedwithamere24%,,LiaoningandSichuansufferedadramaticdeclineinthisregard:theirtechnologytradevolumeaccountedfor18%%,Sichuanlostitsprideasasub-centerofdomestictechnologytrade.

ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo6,2013(Total4255)Theworldeconomyhaswitnessedswiftreform,theworldeconomygrowthpatternexperiencesmajorchanges,asreflectedinresurrectionoftradeprotec,itsinternationaleconomicandtradeenvironmenthadundergonemajorchanges,whichshowsomenewsignsinrecentyears:thedevelopedcountriesimplementthe"reindustrialization"strategy;theUStransfersitsstrategicfocuseastwardandpromotesthehigh-standardTPP;,the18thNationalCongressoftheCPCpointedoutthatChinaisstillinaperiodofstrategicopportunities,andsomemajodevelopitselfinisolationfromtherestoftheworld,therefore,judgmentoftheinternationalenvironmenthasadirectbearingonacountry,MaoZedongheldthatitwouldbenandinaccordancewiththeprincipleof"withmountainasthebacksupport,spreadingaround,andgoodcover-up",alotofin"ThirdFrontConstruction",thesecondgenerationofleadershipoftheCPCwithDengXiaopingatthecore,basedonanall-roundanalysisofthetheninternationalenvironment,heldthatpeaceanddevelopmentwerethemainstreamoftheworld,,theunderstandingoftheinternationalenvironment,differentasitmightbeinconcretesituations,wouldexertahugeimpactuponacountry,EastAsiahasseenlarge-scalerelocationofthelabor-intensiveandexport-orientedindustries,whichbrought"fourAsiantigers"successfullypursuedthedevelopments,theseeconomiesrelocatedtheirlabor-intensiveexportindustriesodeveloptheexport-orientedprocessingindustryan,Chinahasbecomeoneofthemostsuccessfulecon,withlowpercapitapossessionofresources,however,forquitealongperiodoftimeafterthefoundingnewChina,itoverlyreliedonexportofprimaryproductsforforeignexchangeearning,,Chinahasrisentobethelargestexporterintheworld,registeringgreatchangesintheexportmix–theexportoffinishedproductsreachingupto95%ofthetotal,electromechanicalproductsover60%andhi-techproductsmorethan30%.Inaddition,ChinahasovertakenUStobethelargestmanufacturerintheworld,knownasthe"WorldsFactory".AllthetremendouschangesareattributabletothefactthatChinahasgraspedtheoplyinjectsvitalitytotheworldmarket,butalsoprovidesimportantforeignmarketsconducivetothedevelopmentofChinasexport-orientedindustriesandthusdrivesrapidgrowthofChina,thedividendsresultingfromthereformintheUSandWesterncountriesamidstagflation,thepeacedividendscomingalongwiththeendoftheColdWar,thetechnologydividendsinducedbytheITandInternetrevolutionandtheinstitutionaldividendsofeconomicglobalizationbroughtaboutbythefoundingtheWTO,plusmanyotherfactors,haveledtoprosperityofUSamongothersexport-orientedindustriesandpresentedsignificantopportunitiesftionalfinancialcrisisfusedbytheUSsubprimecrisisin2007totallychangedChinaficit;Europeisboggeddowninsovereigntydebtcrisis;Japanseconomysuffersfrominsufficientdomesticdemandanddecliningcompetitivenesscausedbypopulationageing,largedeficits,,therapidlyrisinglaborcostinChinaiserod,Chinaisinfaceofchallengesofinsufficientdemandoftheinternationalmarket,butstill,,Chinafacessignificantopport,theResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationstheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilscomparativeadvantagesareundergoingprofoundchanges–itsnewlyacquiredadvantagesintermsofthelocalmarket,infrastructure,supportingindustries,andhumanresourcesratherthanlowlaborcosthavecometoattractmultinationals,inthenextdecadeChinawillbetheonlycountryworldwidethatb,themultinati,,tofurtheropenupthemarketandusehumanresourcesinChinahasbecomeamoreimportant,Chinamaintainsprosperity,exertingunpreceden,31%ofbusinessreStobethefirsttheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaattractedincreasingforeigndirectinvestmenttosuchanextentthatinthefirsthalfof2012Chinaovertoo,majorchangeshavetakenplacetotheforeigninvestmentstructure,asisshowninthephenomenathatmoreforeigndirectinvestmentgoestothemanufacturingindustrywithfairlyadvancedtechnologyaswellasmodernserviceindustryofhigheraddedvalue,andsomemultinationalshavemade:nearly50,000overseasChinesestudentsreturnedin2008,representingaonefoldincreasethanin2004,ormorethan1/6ofallthereturnedoverowardChinaisundoubtedlyconducivetotheupgradingChinasindustrialstructureandtheenhancementofthei,Chinahastheopportunitytoint,quitemanyWesternenterprisesfellintothequagmireofcapitalshortage,whichaffordedalotmoreopportunitiesf,Geelyhasrealizedthetransformationfromanuglyducklingtoawhiteswan;afteracquiringPutzmeister,Sanyhasgrowntobetheworld,throughmergerandacquisitionabroad,cantaketheinitiativetointegrateoverseasresourcesandmarkets,andobtainresources,technologies,researchanddevelopmentcompetence,internationalbrandsandworldmarketchannelsatalowcost,greatlyenhancingChinascapabilityofinnovationandinternationalcompetitiveness....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:AResearchReportonHigh-LevelProfessionalsFlowTrendinRelevantCountriesandRegionsAgainsttheBackdropofInternationalFinancialCrisis.,2015ItisessentialforChinatobuildspecialzonesfortalentsandexperimentzonesfortalentmanagementreforminordertodeterminethestrategicarrangementsforprioritizingtalentdevelo,15centralunits,includingtheOrganizationDepartmentoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,alongwithBeijingMunicipalGovernmentjointlyreleased“theOpinionsonBuildingSpecialZoneforTalentsinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone”(hereafterreferredtoas“theOpinions”)inanattempttojointlybuildZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalents(hereafterreferredtoasSpecialZoneforTalents).Afterexplorationandpracticeinthepastthreeyears,ZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalentshasaccomplishedprominentachievements,:ExplorationandPracticeinthePastThreeYearsZhongguancunactivelyadopts“trial-and-practice”,drivenbyinnovationoftalentpolicyaswellasinstitutionandmechanismreform,andsupportedbythebroadenedplatformsfortalentdevelopment,Zhongguancunhascreatedthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentandhasbecomethegatheringplacefomoverseas,andcreatingthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentBasedonsuchkeytalentprojectsasthenational“RecruitmentProgramofGlobalExperts”(alsocalled“1000-talentPlan”),“BeijingOverseasTalentsProject”,and“ZhongguancunHigh-levelTalentsProject,”Zhongguancunactivelysetsupthepolicysystemtobringintalents,topublicizetalentpolicies,,Zhongguancunhasquickenedthepacetoimproveitssystemforattractingoverseastalentsbyestablishing11contactagenciesforoverseastalentsincitiesandareaslikeSiliconValley,USA,London,BritainandMunich,worldandbroadeningthechannelsfortalentrecommendationandintroduction,,in2012,toattractoutstandingtalentsfromhomeandabroadtostartbusinessandfosterinnovationinZhongguancun,itinitiatedthesupportiveprojecthelpingoverseastalentsstartbusinessbyrecogetechnologywithRDZhongguancunactivelyacceleratestheplanningevelTalents,IndependentInnovationandEntrepreneurialParkforCollegeStudents,,itpromotestheprojectstoindustrializesomecutting-edgetechnologicacentralenterprisesinBeijing,theFutureScienceCitygathersnotonlynewRDinstitutionsforcleanenergyandaviationtechnology,,itisnowdevelopingmorethan30cutting-edgetechnologyprojects,ields,relevantcentralunitssupportBeijingMunicipalGovernmenttobuildsuchnewRDinstitutionsinthetalentzonesuchastheLifeSciencesResearchInstitute,ts’vitality,someresearchresultshavebeenachieveduptotheadvanced,Zhongguancunhasformulatedandimplemented“theManagementMeasuresofSupportiveFundforEntrepreneurialBaseofHigh-levelTalents.”InMay2012,TiangongBuildinginBeijingUniversityofScienceandTechnologywasoffici,atotalof92enterprisesarehousedinTiangongBuilding,theentrepreneurialbaseforhigh-leveltalents,edbythegovernmentlikethetitleof“1000-talentPlan”’innovativeandentrepreneurialvitalityFirst,sevenincentiveshavebeendeterminedforinnovativetalentsofscienceandtechnologyincludingequityawards,stockoptionandsci-techachievementsinvestedasshares,,workhasbeendonetocarryoutthe“NewFourProvisions”.Inordertoenhancetheeffectivenessofthe“1+6”policy①,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofFinance,theStateAdministrationofTaxationjointlyissued,inSept,2013,relateddocuments,approvedbytheStateCounciltobeimplementedinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone(hereafterreferredtoasZhongguancunDemonstrationZone).Examplesofthesepoliciesincludetheaccreditationofsupportivetechnologyofhigh-techenterprisesincultureindustry,pilotpraticeonincometaxofthelegalpersonandpartnersinthelimitedstart-upandinvestmentpartnerships,pilotpraticeonincometaxforcompaniestransferringtheirrightofnon-exclusiveuseofoverfiveyears,andpilotpraticere,therangeofbusinessincubationservicehasbeenexpanded.皇家注册即送38元ByMaJunXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"theReformoftheManagementSystemofState-ownedAssets"ofEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo160,2014(Total4659)Improvingthemanagementsystemofstate-owne,implementation,andsupervisioninthehopeofimprovinggovernmentalmanagementsystemoverstate-ownedassets,regulatinggovernmental,wesuggesttoimprovecorporategovernance,maintainenterprisesstat,amanagementsystemofstate-ownedassetsshouldbeestablishedinwhichgovernmentaladministrationisseparatedfromenterprisesmanagement,authoritiesmatchresponsibilities,effecti,wecan,ontheonehand,strengthensupervisionandadministrationofstate-ownedassets,withmanagingthecapitalasthemajortask,andhelpstateeconomytogainmorevitality;ontheotherhand,wecansetupadynamicadjustmentmechanismforstate-ownedassets,n,bottom-linethinkingandgradualadvancement,m,letalonefallingintoformalism,,theprimaryproblemofstateassetsmanagementsystemist,thegoalofthisreformshouldbefocusedonrejuvenatingstate-ownedenterprises,especiallythoseinthecompetitivedomains,andestablishingareasonablemechanismforadjusti,developmentmodesaswellassystemsandinstitutions,,disharmonyandunsustainabilityinthecountry,,thereformschemeforstate-ownedassetsmanagementsystemshallbeembeddedintotheoverallconsiderationofthecountryover150thousandenterprises,,short-termmeasuresshouldbeconsistentwiththelong-termgoals;top-leveldesignwithanoverallconsiderationshouldbeintegratedwithexplorationandpilotprojectsinsomedomains;comprehensi(SOEs)reformandthescientificassessmentofpresentmanagementsystem,weshallidentifythemainproblems,advancethereforminawell-mesticandforeignexperience,aneffectivestateassetsmanagementsystemshouldbecomposedofthreeparts:governmentaldepartments,investme,shoulderingtheircorrespondingrespo,onbehalfofallthepeople,,thegovernmentisinchargeofformulatingpublicpoliciesconcerningtheadjuetwoproblems—lackofduefunctionsandunnecessaryintervention."Lackofduefunctions"indicatesthatstateassetsarenotgivenafullplayinthesocietyandeconomyastheirfunctionsanddistributionarenotadjustedintimeaccordingtothecountrysdifferentdevelopmentstagesandmarketchanges."Unnecessaryintervention"meansthatnominallytheState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionoftheStateCouncilisaninstitutionspeciallydesignedformanagingstateassets,whilesubstantiallyitisagovernmentaldepartment,whichnotonlyintervenestoomuchintheenterprisesmanagement,,sincetheState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionwassetup,theresponsibilitiesoftheinvestorhavebeendetermined,solvingtheproblemof"manydepartmentscontrol,butnonetakesresponsibility".Thishas,onaccountofsomeinternalandexternalfactors,theState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionhasincreasinglyexpandeditsduedutiesinadministrating"personnel,affairsandassets",leadingtoamoreseriousmixingofgovernmentaladministrationandenterprises,whileservesasanadministrativedepartmentw,tntationfromsupervisiontoimprovethegovernmentalmanagementsystemofstateassets,regulategovernmentalmprovecorporategovernance,eliminateimproperadministrativeinterventionandensureenterprisesindependentmanagementinthemarket.

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宝马777足球比分betway必威SA视讯Itisthecommongoalofmankindtohaveenoughto,PresidentXiJinpingstatesclearlythenationalfoodsecuritystrategyofrelyinglargelyonselfproduction,targetingdomesticmarket,ensuringproductivity,,PremierLiKeqiangstatesthatChinesehavealongheldbeliefof"foodbeingtheparamountnecessity".Chinaw,China,throughhardworkfordecades,hasmadere,Chinasgrainyieldincreasesby98%,outputofedibleoilbynearly6times,fruitpro,Chinasproductionofmeat,egganddairyproductsrisesby86%,46%,greatfoodva,,morethan95%ofal%%%,weneedtobeawareofthefactthatwestillhavemuchtodoinmaintainingfmeettheupdateddemandofurbanandruralresidentsforadequateandqualityfood.——Intermsofgrainquantity,,urbanization,,totalpopulationandresidentsin,peoplei,,anincreaseof40to140millioninChinastotalpopulationwilltranslateintoariseinfooddemandIfwecalculatetotalgraindemansurbanization,only36%ofthepopulationisurbanizedifo%ifallpermanentresidentsinurbanareasareincl%,residentsincomewillgrowwithChina,butbeforefoodconsumptionpatternisrestructured,theincreaseinincomewillresultinshrinkingconsumptioningrainbutrisingconsumptioninanimalproducts,cofKoreawherepeoplehavesimilardietwithChinese,onlywhenGDPpercapitareachesUSD20,,lgrowfrom50%to70%andw,Chinasconsumptionofanimalproductssuchasmeat,eggs,milk,,urbanandruralresidentshavehigherdemandforthequalityandsafetyofgrainandfoodproducts.——Withincomegrowthandimprovementoflivingconditions,,pe,becauseofbackwardproductionandmanagement,marketparticipantslackofcredibilityandpoormarketsupervision,,Chinaneedstode,over400,000foodenterprises,3millionfoecializedpersonnelandfacesdifficultyinmonitoringthewholeprocess,informationsymmetryishardtoachieveamongsupervisors,manufacturers,alization,theoccurrenceofanylocalpr,foodsafetyisoneofthehot,itisachallengingundertakingcallingforlongtermeffortstostrengthensupervisionandcontroloverthefoodsupplychainsoastoensurefoodsafety.Aftertheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,,thewwgrowth;emergingeconomieswillbecomethenewengineofworldeconomicgrowth;developedcountrieswillstrivetorejuvenatemanufacturingindustrywhiledevelopingcountrieswillaccelerateforeigninvestment,bothofwhichwillbecometwonewmajordrivingforcestopromotethedivisionofglobalvaluechain;"innovativedevelopment"willattractgreatattention,emergingindustrieswillgathermomentumfordevelopment,andcompetitionforpossessingaleadingpositionintermsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopmentwillbecomefiercer;globalenergystructureandthesupply-demandpatternwillwitnessprofoundchanges;theeasymonetarypolicyadoptedbydevelopedcountriestorespondtothecrisiswillcauseworldwideliquiditysurplusandintensifyfinancialfluctuationandinflation;globaleconomicgovernancemechanismreformwillbefurtherpromoted;andregionalintegrationgesrelatedtothe,externalenvironmentforChina’sdevelopment,andconakeinnovationstothestrategyandmodeofopeningupsoastobuildupnewadvantageswhileavoidingdisadvantagesandgetbetterpreparedtoparticipateinglobalcompeti,theworldeconomyexperiencedanover-one-decadephaseofhighgrowthandprosperity,especiallytheperiodfrom2004to2007,%,upnea:first,technologicalrevolutionrepresentedbyinformationandcommunicationtechnologiesandInternet;second,dividendofeconomicglobalization;third,peacedividendbroughtbydisintegrationoftheformerSovietUnionandendoftheColdWar;fourth,systemdividendresult,astheEuropeansovereigndebtcrisisbrokeout,,theUnitedStates,EuropeandJapan,allplungedintodepression,overallgrowthofdevelopedeconomiesinthepasttwoyearswasonlyslightlyhigherthan1%,,%,%%-%,highdeficit,fthedifficulty,anditisnoeasyjobfortheirgovernments,enterprisesandhouseholdstorenovatebalancesheetsthrough"de-leverage"(illustratedasbelow).Thetotaldependencyratioofglobalpopulationwillstarttorisesince2015,whichwillexertanegativeinfluenceoversavingrateandinvestmentrate.

,2015ItisessentialforChinatobuildspecialzonesfortalentsandexperimentzonesfortalentmanagementreforminordertodeterminethestrategicarrangementsforprioritizingtalentdevelo,15centralunits,includingtheOrganizationDepartmentoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,alongwithBeijingMunicipalGovernmentjointlyreleased“theOpinionsonBuildingSpecialZoneforTalentsinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone”(hereafterreferredtoas“theOpinions”)inanattempttojointlybuildZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalents(hereafterreferredtoasSpecialZoneforTalents).Afterexplorationandpracticeinthepastthreeyears,ZhongguancunSpecialZoneforTalentshasaccomplishedprominentachievements,:ExplorationandPracticeinthePastThreeYearsZhongguancunactivelyadopts“trial-and-practice”,drivenbyinnovationoftalentpolicyaswellasinstitutionandmechanismreform,andsupportedbythebroadenedplatformsfortalentdevelopment,Zhongguancunhascreatedthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentandhasbecomethegatheringplacefomoverseas,andcreatingthe“softport”fortalentdevelopmentBasedonsuchkeytalentprojectsasthenational“RecruitmentProgramofGlobalExperts”(alsocalled“1000-talentPlan”),“BeijingOverseasTalentsProject”,and“ZhongguancunHigh-levelTalentsProject,”Zhongguancunactivelysetsupthepolicysystemtobringintalents,topublicizetalentpolicies,,Zhongguancunhasquickenedthepacetoimproveitssystemforattractingoverseastalentsbyestablishing11contactagenciesforoverseastalentsincitiesandareaslikeSiliconValley,USA,London,BritainandMunich,worldandbroadeningthechannelsfortalentrecommendationandintroduction,,in2012,toattractoutstandingtalentsfromhomeandabroadtostartbusinessandfosterinnovationinZhongguancun,itinitiatedthesupportiveprojecthelpingoverseastalentsstartbusinessbyrecogetechnologywithRDZhongguancunactivelyacceleratestheplanningevelTalents,IndependentInnovationandEntrepreneurialParkforCollegeStudents,,itpromotestheprojectstoindustrializesomecutting-edgetechnologicacentralenterprisesinBeijing,theFutureScienceCitygathersnotonlynewRDinstitutionsforcleanenergyandaviationtechnology,,itisnowdevelopingmorethan30cutting-edgetechnologyprojects,ields,relevantcentralunitssupportBeijingMunicipalGovernmenttobuildsuchnewRDinstitutionsinthetalentzonesuchastheLifeSciencesResearchInstitute,ts’vitality,someresearchresultshavebeenachieveduptotheadvanced,Zhongguancunhasformulatedandimplemented“theManagementMeasuresofSupportiveFundforEntrepreneurialBaseofHigh-levelTalents.”InMay2012,TiangongBuildinginBeijingUniversityofScienceandTechnologywasoffici,atotalof92enterprisesarehousedinTiangongBuilding,theentrepreneurialbaseforhigh-leveltalents,edbythegovernmentlikethetitleof“1000-talentPlan”’innovativeandentrepreneurialvitalityFirst,sevenincentiveshavebeendeterminedforinnovativetalentsofscienceandtechnologyincludingequityawards,stockoptionandsci-techachievementsinvestedasshares,,workhasbeendonetocarryoutthe“NewFourProvisions”.Inordertoenhancetheeffectivenessofthe“1+6”policy①,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofFinance,theStateAdministrationofTaxationjointlyissued,inSept,2013,relateddocuments,approvedbytheStateCounciltobeimplementedinZhongguancunNationalInnovationDemonstrationZone(hereafterreferredtoasZhongguancunDemonstrationZone).Examplesofthesepoliciesincludetheaccreditationofsupportivetechnologyofhigh-techenterprisesincultureindustry,pilotpraticeonincometaxofthelegalpersonandpartnersinthelimitedstart-upandinvestmentpartnerships,pilotpraticeonincometaxforcompaniestransferringtheirrightofnon-exclusiveuseofoverfiveyears,andpilotpraticere,therangeofbusinessincubationservicehasbeenexpanded.,“GoGlobal”MoveofChina’“GoGlobal”moveinChina’sfinancialsectorDuringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,thevolumeofoutwardforeigninvestmentbyChinesefinancialinstitutionshasrisenfrom$$,upby91%(seeTable1).RecentyearssawrapidoverseasexpansionofChina’,atotalof20Chinesebankingfinancialinstitutionshaveopenedmorethan1,200branchesoverseas,,,China’sfivestate-ownedcommercialbanks,includingIndustrialandCommercialBankofChina,AgriculturalBankofChina,BankofChina,ChinaConstructionBank,BankofCommunications(hereinafterreferredtoas“FiveBanks”),,,%,%%respectivelytotheirgroups,%,%%respectivelyhigherthanin2013(seeTable2).China’sbankings,China’,,%,inthefirsthalfof2015,therewere718syndicatedloans,,Chine,IndustrialandCommercialBankofChinasupportedChinaNationalOffshoreOilCorporationinitstakeoverofNexen,ChinaThreeGorgesCorporationinthetakeoverofEnergiasdePortugal(EDP),,grantingaloanof100millioneuros,Bankof%stakeinTnuva,’,asoftheendof2014,overseasinvestmentofChina’sinsurancefundsreached$24billion(),%ofthetotalassetsoftheinsuranceindustry,upby147%,,theyhavegraduallyexpandedbusinessinJapan,,policy-basedanddevelopmentbanksplayacrucialroleinsupportingenterprises’“GoGlobal”(hereinafterreferredtoas“CDB”)hadforeignexchangeloansashighas$320billionbytheendof2014,farmorethanthatofWorldBank,makin,CBD,isinvolvednotonlyindesigningtheloanstructureandreturnsoninterestrate,butalsoindesigningandfinancingoverseascooperationprojectsoflargestate-ownedenterpriseslikeChinaNationalPetroleumCorporationandSINOPEC,makingitanindispensable“financialconsultant”,throughexportsseller’scredit,loansforforeigncontractedprojects,governmentconcessionalloanandpreferentialexportbuyers’credit,andapackageofmutuallybeneficialcooperativeloans,hasstrengthenedcooperationwithbanks,leasing,insuranceandtrustinstitutions,supportedtheexportoflargecompletesetsofequipment,,ChinaExportCreditInsuranceCorporationhitstherecordoftheamountcoveredbymedium-andlong-termexportcreditinsuranceandbyoverseasinvestmentinsurance,whicheffectivelysupportsthe“GoGlobal”“GoGlobal”strategybyChinesefinancialinstitutionsFirstofall,enhancedstr,aBritishmagazine,in2010,84Chinesebankswereamongtheworld’stop1000,withIndustrialandCommercialBankofChinarankingthe7thincapital;in2015,117Chinesebankswereonthetop1000list,withIndustrialandCommercialBankofChina,ChinaConstructionBank,BankofChina,andAgriculturalBankofChinarankingthe1st,2nd,4th,,theenterprises’acc’sfinancialinstitutionsgo,,BankofChinahaseightbranches,providingcomprehensivefinancials,nationalstrategiesarPlanPeriod,issuedinSeptember2012,pointsouttheimportanceofimprovingthesystemsandregulationsrelatedtothe“GoGlobal”strategyoffinancialinstitutions,guidingthemtoadopteffectivestrategiesfordevelopingoverseas,tostrengthenthereserveofinternationaltalents,andt,itisvitaltoencouragefinancialinstitutionstoexpandinternationalbusinesssteadily,enhancetheiroperationabilityininternationalmarketandpromoteaforeignfinancialservicesystemconducivetotheupgradingofe’“GoGlobal”,theheadquartersoffincontrollablerisksathome,theheadquartersoffinancialinstitutionsfocusmoreattentionondomesticbusinessthanoverseascounterpart,,th,financialinstitutionsshouldnotonlypossessinternationalfinancialknowledge,butalsoadapttotheculture,legalsystemandfinancialregulatorysysteminhostcountries,,itisnotuntilrecentyearsthatChina’sfinancialinstitutionsbegantoexpl,China’sfinancialinstitutionsfailtointegrateexternalfinanci,dome,whileChinesebanksengageinasset-heavyloans,its,loans,andinternationalsettlement,withoutinnovativeproductsandservices,thusfailingtoadapttolocalfinancialenvironmentanddesignnewstrategiesbasedonlocalmarketandclients’ocompetewiththeirlocalcounterparts,theyshouldchangethefixedbusinesspatternwhentheyventureintheforeignmarket....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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ByLiZhijun,Techno-EconomicResearchDept,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo42,2013(Total4291)ChemicalpharmaceuticalindustryisanimportantintegralpartofChinasmedicalindustryanditaccountsforabouthalfofthetotaloutputvalueofChina,structuralreadjustmentandthetransformationandupgradingofChinaschemicalpharmaceuticalindustryisofvitalimportancetofacilitatingtheever-increasinggrowthofthemedicalindustry,protectingandimprovingpeopleshealth,addressingnaturaldiscalrawmedicine,Chinacanproducemorethan1,500kindsofchemicalrawpharmaceuticals,withthecountryscapacityrangingfrom2millionto3milliontons,accountingforabout20%straditionallysuperiorproducts,suchasantibiotics,vitaminsandantipyreticandanalgesicdrugs,enjoyabigmarketshare,bulkpharmaceuticalchemicalswithdistinguishingfeatures,suchasstatins,perindoprilsandlosartans,havebecomenewsuperiorexportproductsand,thenumberofva,suchasfloxacins,statins,vitaminB2,rifampicinsandantibiotics,arenowallbeingexported,,chemicalagentproductionisjustinafledgingperiod,withnewdrugresearchanddevelopmentbein,000kindsofchemicalagents,andartemisinin,aChina-origindrug,iswidelyusedacrosstheglobe,makingimp,Chinainvestednearly20billionyuaninanarrayofspecificprojects,suchas"NewMedicineDevelopmentProject",bringingalongtheinputofapproximately60billionyuanofsocialfundsinpharmaceuticalinnovationsphere,andsetupover50corporatenationaltechnologycentersthroughcollaborationofmanufacturers,schoolsandresearchinstitutions,,,HISUN,,CHIATAITIANQING,,,KangHongPharmaceuticalGroup,LUYEPHARMA,,,,TransformationandUpgradingofChinasPharmaceuticalIndustryandtheCausesThepharma,theindustrycangeneratehigherreturns,,themainproblemsfacingChinaschemicalpharmaceuticalindustrymainlyinclude:enterprisesbeingsmalleratlargethantransnationalpharmaceuticalgiants,themammothnumbersofpharmaceuticalenterprises,lowerindustrialconcentration,low-levelduplicateconstruction,serioushomogenizationandlow-levelcompetitions,poort,thechemicalpharmaceuticalindustryhasbeenhardhitbypricereductionfor30straighttimesin14years,irregulartender-basedpurchases,andtheformulationofdrugmanagementpoliciesinsuccession,narrowingtheprofitmarginsofenterprisesandseverelyimpedingthepharmaceuticalresearchanddevelopment,GMPimprovement,comprehensiveenvironmentalprotectionmanagement,,whichmainlyinclude:oodandDrugAdministration,theimperfectionoftheexaminingsystemandtheunevennessoflevelsofenterprisesresearchanddevelopmentpapersallincuraviciouscircleofexaminingefficiencybeinglow,examiningqualitybeingpoor,exa"double-envelope"systemisadoptedbyvariouslocalitiesinpurchaseofessentialdrugsbyinvitationtobid,,thewarofpricereductionforworkperformancegoingonamongvariousprovincesandmunicipalitiesintender-basedpurchasingofessentialdrugshasmadesomedrugpriceslowerandlower,,thepracticeofseekingafterlowpricescouldneitherreflectthefluctuatingtrendsofproductioncost,norleavesanyreasonableprofitmarginsforenterprises,whichisadeviationfromthemarketlawandthreatenstheexistenceanddevelopmentofsomeChineseto,winningthebiddingatbelow-costpricesissuspectedtogoagainstsomeestablishedlaws,leavingtender-basedpurchasingofessentialdrugsinfaceoflegalrisks,encumberingtheenterprisetransformationandcripplingthecorecompetitivenessofChinamaceuticalenterprisesusuallyaccountfor10%~15%oftheirsalesrevenues,withsomeevenreaching45%,whilefundsusedbyChineseenterprisesinpharmaceuticalresearchanddevelopmentmakeuplessthan1%oftheirsalesrevenues,withasmallnumberreaching6%~8%.TheRDfundscostannuallybyallpharmaceuticalenterprisesinChinaadduptoatotalof10billionyuanorso,fallingfarbehindwhatisspentbyAmericanPfizeraloneinayearforpharmaceuticalresearchanddevelopment().TheaveragerateofprofitforChinesepharmaceuticalenterprisescomesgenerallyto9%orso,whereasthatofworldtop50pharmaceuticalfirmsamountsto18%,andthatoftop10evenreaches21%.levelredundantconstructionandovercapacityareindisputablefactsinChinasproductionofbulkpharmaceuticalchemicals(BPC),andanarrayofproducts,suchasvitaminCandpenicillin,havebeenclassifiedasrestrictive."Threekindsofwastes"generatedinBPCproductionturnouttobetheworst,,BPCiscategorizedbytheMinistryofEnvironmentalProtect,somelocalitiesarestillexpandingproductionblindlyandareengagedinredundantconstruction,thuscausingseverewaste.

4166am金沙SW神龙宝石头奖Topredictcarbonemissions,:Thefirstistobuildspecializedpredictionmodels,whichrequiresanumberofexogenousassumptions;thesecondisthemethodofempiricalanalogywhichreferstotheuseoftheexperienceofotherdevelopedeconomiesinsimilarstagesofdev:Firstly,itisrelativelysimple;secondly,,itisnotinferiortocomplexmodels,ifviewedfromtheperspectiveofthereliabilityofpredictionsmadewithit,ensityandcarbonintensityinsomedevelopedeconomiesastimewentbyandtheirdevelopmentstagechanged,andthencheckChina,wewillbeabletopredictthefuturetrendofChina,wecancombinethepredictionswiththeeconomicgrowthforecasts,andpredictChinaieswiththehighesttotalcarbonemissionsintheworldareChina,theUnitedStates,India,Russia,Japan,Germany,Iran,Canada,SouthKorea,SouthAfrica,theUnitedKingdom,Indonesia,Mexico,SaudiArabia,Italy,Australia,Brazil,France,Poland,,%oftheglobaltotal(Bodenetal.,2012).Byanalyzingandsummarizingthesituationsinthesecountries,,mostofthesecountriesarerelativelylargeandthereforesharemorecommongroundwithChinaandtheirexperienceprovidesmoreenlightenmentforChina,thispaperwillmainlyfocusonthesecountries,butIranandSaudiArabiaarenotincludesThetrajectoriesoftotalcarbonemissionsoftheeighteencountries(includingChina)since1950cangenerallybedividedintothefollowingtypes:Thefirstarethosecountrieswhoseemissionsreachedthepeakvaluemorethanthirtyyearsagoandshowedanobvioustendencyofdecreaseafterwards,includingFrance,Germany,theUK,,France,GermanyandtheUKarematureindustrializedcountrieswhileRussiaandPolandareless-developedincomparison,soitremainstobeseealyearsagoandhasshowedStates,Italy,Spain,,duetotheshort-termimpactinducedbythefinancialcrisis,haveshownsignsofadeclineinrecentyears,butwheth,includingAustralia,SouthKorea,Mexico,Brazil,Indonesia,SouthAfrica,,whiletheothers,stillbelongingtothemiddle-incomegroup,tensityandcarbonintensitydecreasesignificantlyandsimultaneouslyAsmentionedabove,totalemissionsaredeterminedbythreefactors:GDP,entscenariosresultedfromvariedcombinationsofGDPgrowth,,,inparticular,,onlywhentheenergyintensityandcarbonintensitydecreasebyamarginlargerthabonemissionsreachedapeakvaluemorethanthirtyyearsagoandshowedanobvioustendencyofdecreaseafterthat,,theUK,FranceandGermany,haveexp,butnoapparentandsimultaneousdecreaseincarbonintensity,,,ifonlythecarbonintensityisreducedconsiderably,butnottheenergyintensity,thetotalcarbonemissionswillnotdecreasesignificantlyeither,justasithadbeenprovedinSpainandSouthKorea.ByLiuShouying,,2016AfterChina’srurallandreform,,collectiveownershipoflandremainsunchanged,’scommunes,,farmershavelandrightsincludinguserights,,thecollectiveownershipsystemofvillagemembers’rightsispracticed,namely,everymemberinthevillagers’,landisadjustedwhentherearechangesindemographiccompositionofhouseholds;iflandisexpropriatedbythegovernment,thecompensationissharedbyallmembersandtherestoflandisreallocated;,policiesandlawscon,,,farmersfulfilledthegraindeliveryobligationtothestate,handedtherequiredamounttothecollective,,contractorswereresponsiblefortheircontractedland,withnochangeoflanddespitethechang,thegovernmentproposedlong-termandsecurelanduserightsinordertodeterminefarmers’entitlementstolandgains,,LawofthePeople’sRepublicofChinaontheContractingofRuralLandandPropertyLawofthePeople’,,collectiveownershipsystemofmembers’rightsisenhancedconstantlywhilemanyfarmersstillopposetheideathatnoadjustmentinlandallocatio,duetothechangingcontractstructureandrelevantpolicies,aninc,verificationoflandrightshelpssecurefarmers’,landareaisnotconsistentwithwhatiswrittenonthelandcertificate;landrightscanhardlybeverifiedasscheduled;itisdifficulttogetmortgages;StateDuringChina’sreformofruralsystem,landrightsarehandedovertofarmers,,ruralmeansofproductionareownedbypeople’scommunes,durbanization,andtraditionalrurallaborforceandresidentsconstantlyleavetheirvillages,,,villagesmergemorequicklyandsodovillagers’,,thenumberwas941,000in1985,droppeddownto802,000in1994,andevenfurtherto653,000in2004,and584,000in2014[].Inlessthanthreedecades,thenumberofadministrativevillagesinChinahasdecreasedby357,000,%.Next,thenumberofvillagers’,,,,thenumberofvillagers’groupsfellby386,000,%.Mergersofvillagesandofvillagers’groupsareattributedlargelytotheconcernsofad,underthecurrentsystemofcollectivelandownershipinChina,,landareaandqualityindifferentvillagesandvillagers’groups,correspondingrightsandinterestsvaryaccordingly,,’scollectiveownershipsystemwhereruralmeansofproductionareownedbypeople’scommunes,productionbrigadesandproductionteamswiththelastasthebasicunit,changesinvillagegovernancestrysystemwascarriedout,exceptseveralareaswherelandwasownedbyadministrativevillages,landwasownedbyproductionteams(naturalvillages),accordingtotheDepartmentofRuralEconomicSystemandManagementofMinistryofAgriculture,in2013,(),amongwhich581millionmuwasownedbyvillages,accountingformorethan40%,728millionmuownedbyvillagers’groups,%,and104millionmuownedbyruralcollectiveeconomicorganizations,%.Therecentchangesinthetre%%in2013,;whilethatownedbyruralcollectiveeconomicorganizationsisdeclining,%%in2013,(Table1).Indifferentregions,whethercollectiveownershipishan,nearlyhalfoflandwasownedbyvillages,morethantheproportionoflandownedbyvillagers’,theproportionoflandownedbyvillagesinthemiddleandwesternpartsofChinawasbelow40%,andthatofvillagers’groupswasover50%.Intermsofthechangetrendoflandtenure,theeastregionisthefastestinhandinglandownershiptothestate,,intheeasternregion,%%,;thatoflandownedbyvillagers’%%,;andtha%%,,%%,;thatoflandownedbyvillagers’%%,;andthato%%,,%%,;thatoflandownedbyvillagers’%%,;andthato%%,(Table2)....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

betway必威SA视讯ByYeXingqing,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReport,,2013(Total4451)DuringaninspectiontourinHubeiprovinceinJuly2013onhowtocomprehensivelydeepenreform,GeneralSecretaryXiJinpingstressedtheissueofaproperhandlingoftherelationsbetweenrurallandpropertyright,farmerscontractingrightandfarmersmanagementrightrelatedtothedeep,itisnecessaryandpropertoshiftthefocusfromagriculturallandownershiptofarmerscontractingmanagementrightintheprocessofstabilizingandimprovingruralbasicmanagementsystemsoastoprotecttheinterestsoflandcontractors,,withthetransferofruralpopulation,thereisatendencytowardstheseparationbetweencontractorsandoperatorsand,wesuggestimprovingtherurallandsystemwithintheguidelinesofrespectingcollectiveownership,definingfarmerscontractingrightandsafeguardingfarmersmanagementrightinabidtoadapttonewrearmersContractingandManagementRightXiaogangvillageinFengyangcounty,Anhuiprovincetooktheinitiativ%ofruralbasi,Chinadevelopedthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystemwhichcombinedunifiedmanagementwithdecentralizedmanagementandfeatur,thecollectivelandownershipboastedthefollowingrights,including:first,thelandcontract-awardingright,accordingtowhichfarmerslaborerswereconfinedtocontractedlandandthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsretainedacertainproportionofreservedland;second,productionandmanagementplanningright:accordingtowhichthecollectiveseconomicorganizationspressedaheadwiththeplanforplantingandunifiedpurchasinggrainandotherstapleagriculturalproductsbystatequotas;third,unifiedmanagementright:accordingtowhichthecollectiveseconomicorganizationsfulfilledtheoverallplanincludingaunifiedjobinplowing,irrigation,plantprotection,epidemicprevention,seedproductionandbreedingattherequestofcommunemembers;andfourth,incomedistributionrights,accordingtowhichfarmersshouldreserveadequateagriculturalproductsforthecol,farmersonlyhadlimitedrightsrelatedtoautonomyofproductionandmanagementsuchaslabortimeandthedisposalofremainingproductionandmanagementincomeattheirown,theChinesegovernmenthasshiftedthefocusoffourfundamentalrightsrelatedtopossession,use,incomeanddisposalofagriculturallandfromcollectiveownershiptofarmercontractingmanagementright(earlycalledautonomyofproductionandmanagement,landuseright,landcontractrightandcontractedlanduserightandtermedaslandcontractandmanagementrightin1999)andthegeneraltrendwastoreducetherightandfunctionofthecollectiveownershipandgi,morerightsrelatedtoagriculturallandusewer,relateddocumentsandlawsissuedbythecentralgovernmentrepeatedlystressedthatthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsshouldnotrecoveroradjustcontractedlandagainstfarmer,thecentralgovernmentmadeitclearthatthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsshouldretainnomorethan5%ofreservedlandinthesecond-roundofcontractrenewalproject,cleanupandrectifythe"two-fieldsystem"(egalitariansubsistencelanddistributionandbidcontractingforresponsibilitylandbidcontracting)andbanreverserentbyinversecontract(thecollectiveseconomicorganizationsleasedlandfromfarmersandcontracteditatahighpricetosomeotherfarmersandexternaloperators).Todefendfarmerscontractingmanagementrights,,ldbecontractedforover15years;ntracttermforanother30yearsafterexpiryandadvocatedunchangedlandirrespectiveofchangesinhouseholdsizeduringthetermofcontract;theLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonLandContractinRuralAreasprovidedin2003thatthehouseholdsthathadsettleddowninsmallcitiesandtownsshouldnotreturncontractedland;theThirdPlenarySessionofthe17thCPCCentralCommitteeproposedin2008thatexistinglandcontractrelationsshouldremainstableandunchangedforalongperiodoftime;theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilissuedthedocumentin2011relatedtoreformofhouseholdregistrationsystemandproposedthatthehouseholdstha,thecollectiveeconomicorganizationsceaseddirectlyusingagriculturallandforagriculturalproductionaftertheall-roundcontractresponsibilitysystemwasimplementedandrelatedcentraldocumentsandrelevantlawsandregulationsrepeatedlystressedthatthecollectiveeconomicorganizationsshouldnotinterveneincontractorsstatusasindependentmarketplayers,veunitsshouldnotissueanymandatoryproductionplantofarmersandtheLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonLandContractinRuralAreasissuedin2003providedthatcontractorswereentitledtoself-organizedp,ruraltaxreformwascarriedouttoabolishfeespaidbyfarmersforoveralltownshipplanningandvillagereserveandinotherwords,thecollectiveeconomicorganiz,,farmerswereallowedtoretaintheremainingproductionandmanagementincomesotherthanpartsforthestateandthecollectiveattheirowndisposalandderivedincomesfromagriculturalproductionandmanage,householdsthattransferredcontractedlandwerepermittedtopurchaseacertainamountofbargaingrainfromthosetowhichcontractedlandwastransferred,thetransferofcontractedlandwithcompensationwasrepetitivelyemphasi,directsubsidiestoagricultureweregrantedtocontractorswh,relatedpolicies,lawsandregulationsrepeatedlystressedthatthecollectiveecosRepublicofChinapromulgatedin2007failedtoclearlyincludedisposalrightinlandcontractandmanagementright,contractorspartiallygaineddi,,theLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonLandContractinRuralAreasprovidedthatlandcontractandmanagementrightgainedthroughhouseholdcontractcouldbetransferredbymeansofsubcontract,lease,exchange,sRepublicofChinapromulgatedin2007providedthatcontractorshadtherighttotransferlandcontractandmanagementrightbymeansofsubcontract,,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe17thCPCCentralCommitteepassedtheDecisionofSomeMajorIssuesofCPCCentralCommitteeonPropellingRuralReformandDevelopmentandputforwardthenewcirculationmodeofshareholdingcooperation,therebycontractorswereenabledtoenjoymoremeanstoexercisetheagriculturallanddisposalright.ByChengGuoqiang,InformationCenterofDRCResearchReportNo134,2013(Total4383)heglobalagriculturaldevelopmentstrategymeanstocomprehensivelytakesuchstrategicmeasureslikedirecttrade,diversifiedimport,overseasagriculturalinvestmentandnew-typeinternationalcooperationinagriculture,activelytapglobalagriculturalresources,effectivelyuseinternationalagriculturalmarket,profoundlyintegratetheglobalindustrialchainofagriculturalproduction,processing,logistics,markingandtrade,andestablishasustainable,stableandsafeglobalagriculturalproductsupplynetworkcateringtothenationalgrainsecuritystrategy,withtheglobal-perspective-basednationalgrainsecuritystrategyasthebasicgoalandthebettercoordinat,itisastrategicdemandtoensuren,inonetotwodecadestocome,alongwiththeconstantprogressofindustrializationandurbanization,increasingpopulation,andupgradinggrainconsumptionstructurecausedbyhigherincome,China,thecontradictioncausedbyscarceragriculturalresources;inparticular,alongwithtightenedrestraintoflandandwaterresourcesanddegradingcomparativeadvantageofagriculture,theallocationofresourcefactorswillbeincreasinglyshifindtheconsumptiondemand,whileitisneitherpossiblenorrealis,pureself-sufficiencyofagriculturalproduceswouldrequireover3billionmu(15mumakeonehectare)ofsowingland,,presentingagapofabout20%whichcou,greatresource,environmentalandeconomiccostwouldbepaidfortheignoranceofthelargepopulationandscarcelandresourcesinChinaandover,strategicallyspeaking,itisunavoidabletoimportagriculturalproductsfromforeigncountriesanduseoverseasagriculturalresourcestoensurethenationalgrainsecurityandtheeffectivesupplyofmajoragriculturalproducts,anditisurgenttoformulateandimplementtheglobalagriculturalstrategyandestablishasustainable,,Chinashouldfurtheropenitsagriculturesectortotheousmoreactiveopenfields,improvethestructureandqualityofsuchfields,dimentofthefurtheropeningupofagricultureandani,overseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperationaswellasotherstrategicmeasurescannotonlyfullytaptheagriculturalresourceadvantageoftheglobe,catertothestrategicbenefitsofcountrieswithrichagriculturalresources,especiallydevelopingcountries,promotedevelopingcountriestoimprovetheself-sufficiencyofgrainandagriculturalproductsandenhancetheircapabilitytodealwithgrainrisksandensuregrainsecurity,buttheyarealsosignificanttomaintainastableandsoundglobalgrainmarket,eliminatepovertyacrossthewo,theyareimportantmovestodevelopgood-neighborandfriendshiprelationswithothercountries,especiallywithneighboringcountriesandestablishanew-typeglobalgovernancestruct,thereareasoundinternationalagriculturalresourcesbasisandd,globalagriculturalresou,,includingmorethan1billionhectares1suitablerespectivelyforgrowingpaddy,wheat,cornandsoyabean,indicatingapotentialyieldgrowthof8%-10%.Thepotentialforwheatyieldgrowthismainlyfromdevelopedcountriesandtransitioneconomies,whilethatforpaddy,menttheglobalagriculturalstrategyanddestrategyistoestablishanationalgrainsecuritystrategicmechanismbasedontheglobalperspective,andconstructasustainable,,thefollow,theimprovementofthecompreovethegrainsupportandprotectionsystemasthecore,strengthenandimprovethegrainreservesystemasthekey,improvetheagriculturalproductimportandadjustmentmechanismasthesupplementandbuildthemoderngrainmarketsystemasthesupport,soastoensuretheself-sufficiency2ofpaddy,wheatandotherstablegrainandformanewnationalgrainsecurityframeworkfeaturing"settingfootathomeandseekingglobalsupply".Second,theagricultural"goglobal"strategyshouldbeimplementedtoencourageenterprisesofvariouskindstoincreasetheiroverseasagriculturalinvestmentandgetinvolvedininternationalagriculturaltradeandcooperation,exploreandformthediversifiedagriculturalproductimportadjustmentmechanism,andestablishasustainable,,theinternationalcooperationonagricultureshouldbedeepenedandexpanded,withthefocusonagriculturalaid3toandcooperativedevelopmentofagriculturalresourceswithdevelopingcountriesorregions,edcountrieswithabundantagriculturalresources,activelyparticipateintheircomprehensiveagriculturaldevelopmentandtheconstructionoftheglobalsupplychain,andincreasetheeffectivesupplyofglobalagriculturalproductsthroughdiverseways;anditshouldalsosparenoeffortstoadvocatetheconceptof"globalresponsibility"toprotecttherighttofood,holdthatmajoragriculturalresourcecountriesandmajoragriculturalproductsexportershouldshouldercorrespondingdutiesandresponsibilitiestomaintainstableagriculturalproductionandproductssupply,reducetheshockofbiomassenergyonthesupplyandpriceofagriculturalproductsintheglobalmarketandsafeguardthebasicrighttofoodforpeopleoftheworld.Figure1 ChangesofCPIandCoreCPIfromJanuarytoSeptember2013Source:NationalBureauofStatistics,rvicepriceswentupconsiderablyFromJanuarytoSeptember,%,yearonyear,%%,,%ofCPIgrowth,,theupsantorsasunusualweather,naturaldisasterandholidays,thepricesoffreshvegetables,amongothers,increasedfrom10%%onyear-on-yearbasisinFebruaryandMarch,;afterJune,vegetablepricesgrewinafluctuatingway,yearonyear,%inSeptember,,asbreedingscaleofcattleandsheephasbeenconstrainedinChinabyresourceconditionsinrecentyears,andbecauseofthelongerbreedingperiod,highercostandweakconsumptionsubstitutioneffect,themarketsupplyanddemandh,intervenedbyfrozenmeatpurchaseandstoragecontinuallyconductedbythestate,thepiggrainratioroseagainabovethebreak-evenpoint,facilitatingthereboundingofporkpricesfromneg,thefluctuationsinriseofpricesofmeat,poultryandrelatedmanufacturedproductsinthefirstthre,theriseofpricesofmeat,,%ofCPIgrowthinthesamemonth(Table1).Table1 ContributionofY-on-YRiseofPricesofFreshVegetable,Meat,PoultryandRelatedProductsandPorktoCPIfromJanuarytoSeptember2013

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